Who is Eligible for GST Registration?

Home » Blogs » Who is Eligible for GST Registration?

Table of Contents


Goods and Services Tax (GST) is a crucial part of India’s tax system, simplifying the taxation process and ensuring fairness across the supply chain. For businesses, GST registration is a formal entry point into this framework, providing legal recognition, credibility, and enabling inter-state trade. It becomes mandatory for businesses exceeding a specified turnover threshold, bringing benefits like transparency, reduced tax liability, and seamless input tax credit flow, thereby enhancing profitability. Particularly important for e-commerce, GST creates a level playing field for both online and offline businesses.

The registration process is accessible, involving online document submission through the GST portal. Recent changes aim to make the process even more straightforward, emphasizing the government’s commitment to a smooth registration experience. Embracing GST goes beyond compliance; it’s an investment in a business’s sustainability and success in the evolving economic landscape.

Understanding GST Eligibility Criteria

Compulsory GST registration is mandated for businesses meeting specific criteria. Businesses that surpass the prescribed turnover threshold must register for GST. The threshold limit for GST registration varies and is set by the authorities. It is crucial for businesses to be aware of this limit, as failing to register can result in legal repercussions.

A company’s annual turnover must fit into the criteria before it is eligible for GST registration. Such as the threshold limit for the manufacturing sector is set at Rs. 40 lakhs or above. Similarly, the service sector is subject to a threshold of Rs. 20 lakhs or higher. Certain states fall under a specific category, where the threshold limit is Rs. 10 lakhs or more. Notably, the Special Category States, including Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Jammu & Kashmir, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura, Sikkim, and Uttarakhand, adhere to this criterion.

Among the Special Category States, Jammu and Kashmir and Assam have individually chosen a threshold limit of Rs. 40 lakhs for commodities. In contrast, Puducherry, categorized as a regular state, has opted for a threshold limit of Rs. 20 lakhs specifically for goods. This differentiation in threshold limits reflects the nuanced approach taken by states to align with their economic considerations and requirements.

The aggregate turnover is a key factor in determining whether a business needs to register for GST. This includes the:

  • Total value of all taxable supplies 
  • Exempt supplies
  • Exports
  • Inter-state supplies, excluding taxes

Aggregate turnover is calculated on a pan-India basis, encompassing all business verticals and branches. It serves as a comprehensive measure to gauge a business’s overall economic activity. Businesses need to carefully assess their turnover to ensure compliance with GST registration requirements.

To initiate the GST registration process, businesses must provide certain documents. These typically include:

  • Passport-size photographs
  • Identity proof (Aadhar Card/Driving License/Passport)
  • Proof of address for the office
  • Bank details (statement/canceled cheque /passbook)
  • Partnership deed for partnership firms
  • Certificate of Incorporation for Private Ltd Company/LLP/OPC

For a better understanding and a overall view below is the simple tabular format which shows who is eligible and who is not.

Eligible for GST Not Eligible for GST
Businesses exceeding the prescribed turnover threshold. Businesses below the turnover threshold.
Those involved in inter-state supply of goods and services. Businesses engaged exclusively in exempted supplies.
E-commerce operators facilitating the supply of goods/services. Small businesses not engaged in inter-state trade.
Casual taxable persons and non-resident taxable persons. Individuals providing services as employees.
Businesses opting for voluntary registration. Agriculturists for the supply of produce from agriculture.
Input service distributors. Those supplying goods/services that are not taxable under GST.
Individuals making taxable supplies on behalf of registered businesses. Certain specified categories exempted by the authorities.
Entities involved in import/export activities. Specific categories enjoying GST exemption as per regulations.
Special Category States and businesses meeting mandatory criteria. Businesses not meeting the mandatory criteria for registration.
Businesses availing input tax credit for taxes paid on inputs. Exclusively non-taxable entities or activities.

In summary, understanding the eligibility criteria for GST registration involves recognizing the compulsions for registration, being aware of the turnover threshold, comprehending the components of aggregate turnover, and ensuring the availability of necessary documents. This awareness is essential for businesses to fulfill their legal obligations and seamlessly integrate into the GST framework.

Specific Eligibility Criteria for GST Registration

Below are the Specific Eligibility Criteria for GST Registration:

  • Threshold Turnover:

The threshold turnover is the predetermined annual financial limit above which businesses are required to register for GST. Below this threshold, registration might be optional.

  • Sector-specific Thresholds:

  • Manufacturing Sector: Rs. 40 lakhs or higher.
  • Service Sector: Rs. 20 lakhs or higher.
  • Special Category States: Rs. 10 lakhs or more.

Significance: It determines the financial scale at which businesses become obligated to register for GST, promoting inclusivity for smaller enterprises.

  • Mandatory Registration:

  • Conditions:

  1. Businesses involved in inter-state supply of goods and services.
  2. Casual taxable persons and non-resident taxable persons.
  3. Individuals making taxable supplies on behalf of registered businesses.
  4. Entities engaged in import/export activities.
  5. Input service distributors.

Rationale: These categories are mandated to register irrespective of their turnover to ensure comprehensive tax coverage and regulatory compliance.

  • Voluntary Registration:

  • Conditions:

  1. Businesses not meeting mandatory criteria can opt for voluntary registration.
  2. Entities desiring to avail input tax credit for taxes paid on inputs.
  3. Those choosing to facilitate the supply of goods/services as e-commerce operators.
  4. Individuals or businesses opting for voluntary registration for strategic reasons.
  5. Special Category States and businesses meeting mandatory criteria can also choose voluntary registration.

Flexibility: Voluntary registration offers flexibility for businesses that may not meet mandatory criteria but want to avail of GST benefits or strategically position themselves in the market.

  • Exemption Criteria:

  • Conditions:

  1. Agriculturists for the supply of produce from agriculture.
  2. Businesses exclusively engaged in exempted supplies.
  3. Those supplying goods/services not taxable under GST.
  4. Specific categories enjoying GST exemption as per regulations.

Scope: Entities meeting exemption criteria are not obligated to register, allowing for specific sectors or activities to operate without the GST framework.

  • Input Tax Credit Eligibility:

  • Conditions:

  1. Businesses availing input tax credit for taxes paid on inputs.
  2. Individuals or entities making taxable supplies eligible for input tax credit.

Advantages: Allows businesses to offset the taxes paid on inputs against their output tax liability, promoting tax efficiency and reducing the overall tax burden.

Also read: Step-By-Step Guide To GST Registration For Goods

Procedure and Documentation for GST Registration

captainbiz procedure and documentation for gst registration

Here are the step-by-step Procedure for GST Registration:

  • Determine Eligibility:

Assess whether your business meets the eligibility criteria for GST registration based on turnover, nature of business, and other relevant factors.

  • Visit the GST Portal:

Access the official GST portal (www.gst.gov.in), the online platform for GST-related services.

  • Initiate New Registration:

Navigate to the ‘New Registration’ section on the portal to begin the registration process.

  • Fill the GST Registration Form:

Complete the GST registration form by providing accurate details about your business, including PAN, legal name, business name, contact information, and more.

Also Read: GST Registration Form Filling Instructions

  • Verification through OTP:

Verify your mobile number and email address by entering the OTPs (One-Time Passwords) sent to the registered mobile and email.

  • Submit Documents:

Upload the necessary documents, including PAN card, proof of business registration, identity and address proofs of promoters, bank statements, and other required documents.

  • Verification by Authorities:

The submitted documents undergo verification by the GST authorities, and the application is processed accordingly.

  • Field Verification (if required):

In some cases, a field visit may be conducted by tax officials to verify the business premises and provided information.

  • GSTIN Allotment:

Upon successful verification, the Goods and Services Tax Identification Number (GSTIN) is allotted to your business.

  • Download GST Certificate:

Download the GST certificate from the portal. This certificate serves as proof of your business’s GST registration.

  • Documentation Required:

  1. PAN Card:

A copy of the Permanent Account Number (PAN) card of the business entity.

  1. Proof of Business Registration:

Document confirming the legal registration of the business, such as the Certificate of Incorporation for companies.

  1. Identity and Address Proofs of Promoters:

Valid identification and address proofs of the business promoters or partners.

  1. Bank Statements:

Recent bank statements showcasing the financial transactions of the business.

  1. Other Relevant Documents:

Any additional documents specified during the registration process or required by the authorities for verification.

Also read: What Are The Documents Required For GST Registration For Goods?


In conclusion, understanding and adhering to GST registration requirements are pivotal for businesses to operate seamlessly in the current taxation landscape. By following the straightforward steps outlined in the registration process, businesses can gain legal recognition, enhance credibility, and facilitate smoother trade. Moreover, compliance with GST ensures businesses can avail themselves of input tax credits, reducing overall tax burdens and contributing to cost savings. Embracing GST is not just a regulatory obligation; it is a practical step towards transparency, efficiency, and competitiveness in the business environment. Therefore, businesses, irrespective of their size, are encouraged to navigate the registration process diligently, recognizing the benefits it brings to their operations and the broader economy.


  • What is GST registration, and why is it important for businesses?

GST registration is a formal process by which businesses become part of the Goods and Services Tax framework. It’s crucial for businesses as it ensures compliance with tax regulations, enhances credibility, and facilitates seamless trade by allowing businesses to legally operate within the GST framework.

  • Who is eligible for GST registration, and what are the criteria for mandatory registration?

Businesses exceeding the turnover threshold, engaging in inter-state trade, or falling under specific categories like casual taxable persons or non-resident taxable persons are eligible for mandatory GST registration. The turnover threshold varies for different sectors.

  • How does the turnover threshold differ for the manufacturing, service, and Special Category States under GST?

The turnover threshold for GST registration is Rs. 40 lakhs or higher for the manufacturing sector, Rs. 20 lakhs or higher for the service sector, and Rs. 10 lakhs or more for Special Category States.

  • Can a business choose to register for GST voluntarily, even if it doesn’t meet the mandatory criteria?

Yes, businesses not meeting the mandatory criteria can opt for voluntary GST registration. This allows them to avail input tax credits and other benefits, enhancing their competitiveness.

  • Are there specific exemptions from GST registration, and which entities qualify for these exemptions?

Agriculturists for the supply of produce, businesses exclusively engaged in exempted supplies, and those supplying non-taxable goods/services may qualify for exemptions from GST registration.

  • What documents are required for GST registration, and how can businesses ensure a smooth documentation process?

Essential documents include PAN card, proof of business registration, identity and address proofs of promoters, and bank statements. Ensuring accurate and available documentation is crucial for a smooth registration process.

  • Is the GST registration process different for e-commerce operators, and what specific requirements do they need to fulfill?

The process is similar, but e-commerce operators need to provide additional details related to their platform and the sellers on it. They also have specific compliance requirements.

  • Can an individual or business engaged in inter-state supply of goods and services avoid GST registration?

No, businesses engaged in inter-state supply of goods and services are required to register for GST, regardless of their turnover.

  • What are the recent changes in the GST registration process, and how do they impact businesses?

Recent changes aim to simplify the process, reducing documentation requirements and introducing user-friendly online interfaces, making it more accessible for businesses.

  • How does GST registration contribute to input tax credits, and what are the benefits of availing input tax credits under GST?

GST registration enables businesses to claim input tax credits for taxes paid on inputs. This reduces the overall tax liability, promotes cost savings, and enhances profitability for registered businesses.

author avatar
Anjali Panda Senior Content Writer
Anjali Panda, a skilled wordsmith and literature enthusiast, earned her bachelor's degree in English Language and Literature from KiiT University. Her Highest Qualification Holding an MBA in Finance, she effortlessly blends academic knowledge with practical insights in her finance-centric content. Presently, Anjali is leveraging her financial expertise at BitWale, a startup, where she plays a pivotal role in optimizing the company's overall financial operations

Leave a Reply