UTGST Rate Notification: A Comprehensive Guide

Home » Blogs » UTGST Rate Notification: A Comprehensive Guide

Table of Contents

Introduction to UTGST

As the implementation of the Goods and Services Tax (GST) in India is envisioned to create a “one nation, one tax” regime, that will combine the processes of levy and collection at both state and union levels. The UTGST in the centralized territories in the Union Territories likewise becomes a vital part of the state tax administrations.

Overview of Union Territory Goods and Services Tax (UTGST)

UTGST, being part of GST, implements GST all over India’s union territory. In reality, all the union territories that come under the central government administration are covered under the UTGST. Union Territories are administrative units comprising the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu, Chandigarh, the UT of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh, and the National Capital Territory that is now created.

The introduced UTGST will apply to the sale of goods/services inside the union territories while creating a uniform tax structure and business environment among the union territories. This will start working simultaneously with the Central Goods and Services Tax (CGST) and the Integrated Goods and Services Tax (IGST), representing the three-form GST model.

UTGST States List

Code Abbreviation Name
35 AN Andaman and Nicobar Islands
31 LD Lakshadweep
26 DN Dadra and Nagar Haveli
25 DD Daman and Diu
4 CH Chandigarh

UTGST Rate Structure

The Central Government notifies the rates of Union Territory Goods and Services Tax (UTGST) from the recommendations of the Goods and Services Tax (GST) Council. The said rates are notified through Official Notifications under Section 7. The UTGST tax rates are aligned with the State Goods and Services Tax (SGST) rates applicable in the respective states.

The UTGST rate structure has five different tax slabs, some exemptions, and one specified for precious stones and metals. The revised rate structure under UTGST, with effect from August 2023, will include the revised rates mentioned below:

Rate Applicable Goods Applicable Services
Nil Essential goods (food grains, milk, eggs, etc.) Essential services (healthcare, education, etc.)
0.25% Rough diamonds and precious stones
3% Gold, silver, and other precious metals
5% Commonly used goods (tea, coffee, spices, etc.) Transport services (railways, airways, etc.)
12% Processed foods (biscuits, cakes, etc.) Accommodation services (hotels, lodges, etc.)
18% Industrial goods (machinery, chemicals, etc.) Financial services (banking, insurance, etc.)
28% Luxury goods (cars, motorcycles, etc.) Entertainment services (cinema, amusement parks, etc.)

It may be noted that the exemption rules for goods and services under UTGST are almost the same as those under SGST. The GST Council reviews the UTGST rates periodically based on economic factors and policy considerations affecting the nation.

Regarding Union Territories, such businesses operating therein will account for and pay taxes at the prevailing UTGST rates of the goods and services supplied. Proper observance of notified rates without error on either side is one of the important means of maintaining GST regulations and preventing possible punishment or prosecution.

UTGST Levy and Collection Mechanism

Union territory (UTGST) goods and services tax (GST), which can be levied by the Central Government on all intra-UT supplies, both goods and services included. Recommending that the UTGST be 20%, the GS Council has suggested a higher rate.

UTGST is payable over and above the Central Goods and Services Tax (CGST) at a given rate on every taxable supply of goods and/or services in both Union Territories. The total GST rate over any given transaction is the sum of the CGST and UTGST rates.

To better understand the UTGST levy and collection process, let’s consider an example:

Example: A dealer based in Chandigarh has sold goods of Rs. 10,000 to a customer who resides within Chandigarh. The said dealer has applied an 18% GST rate on the sold goods, including 9% CGST and 9% UTGST.


– Value of goods: Rs. 10,000

– Total GST rate: 18% (9% CGST + 9% UTGST)

– GST amount = Rs. 10,000 × 18% = Rs. 1,800

– CGST component = Rs. 1,800 × 9/18 = Rs. 900

– UTGST component = Rs. 1,800 × 9/18 = Rs. 900

The former collects GST from the customer by charging a net amount of Rs 1800, comprising Rs 900 as CGST and Rs 900 as UTGST. Such types of transactions need the traders to collect such GST amount from the customer and ensure that it is deposited with the Central Government.

Out of the said UTGST, the Central Government just collects and secures the tax, and the process through which everyone has to comply is uniform across all Union Territories. Therefore, under such Union Territories, every business shall be required to compute and pay its respective UTGST and CGST properly for all such taxable supplies.

Importance of UTGST Rate Notifications

Notifications on UTGST rates greatly ensure the smooth levy and administration of GST within the Union Territory. The purpose of these notifications is as follows:

  • To provide clarity and transparency: Identifying the UTGST rate notifications of the goods and services applied would help businesses and consumers identify the tax obligations and liabilities, providing them with the required clarity and transparency of the tax system.
  • Facilitate compliance: The timely supply and delivery of accurate notifications about the UTGST rate by the government will facilitate businesses operational in union territories to properly discharge tax regulations with the correct calculation of tax liabilities so that no penalties or litigations will arise.
  • Enabling the policy implementation: The policy decisions about implementing the GST framework across Union Territories, including the rates, exemptions, and the introduction of new taxes or cess wherever required, are effectively implemented through UTGST rate notifications by the GST Council.
  • Promoting economic growth: In this context, the UTGST rate has to be reviewed from time to time, and any concern about taking care of economic growth and balancing revenue generation in the union territories by the GST Council should be addressed.

Legal Framework of UTGST Rate Notifications

The Union Territory Goods and Services Tax Act, 2017, and the rules and regulations provide a UTGST legal framework. Those law provisions would give the procedures for issuing UTGST rate notifications, the timelines within which they shall be enacted, and the authority to release them.

The Constitutional Body of the GST Council, consisting of members from the central and state governments, gives recommendations for UTGST rate changes so that uniformity is maintained with the rates being prescribed by other states and harmonization is achieved in the country.

UTGST Applicability

Supply Type Output Tax Liability Applicable Section
Supplies made within a Union Territory without a governing body UTGST and CGST Section 8(1) and 8(2) of the IGST Act
Supplies made between two Union Territories without a governing body Integrated GST (IGST) Section 7(1) and 7(3) of the IGST Act
Supplies made between a Union Territory without a governing body and a State or Union Territory with a governing body Integrated GST (IGST) Section 7(1) and 7(3) of the IGST Act

Here is a table summarizing the output tax liabilities on different supplies involving Union Territories without a legislature. It shall explicitly refer to the relevant GST (UTGST, CGST, or IGST) that would apply and sections under the IGST Act covering such levies.

The table highlights the following key points:

  • Regarding supplies within a Union Territory to another Union Territory, where there is no legislative body governing, the levy of UTGST is not considered valid as per the UTGST Act. Both UTGST and CGST may apply to such supplies, as per the provisions of Section 8.
  • Integrated GST (IGST) is levied under Sections 7(1) and 7(3) of the IGST Act for the supply of inter-Union Territories from one union territory without legislature to another union territory without legislature.
  • Whereas the supplies are made by a Union Territory without a legislature, the tax shall be levied under Integrated GST (IGST) from Section 7(1) to a State or Union Territory with a legislature.

Analysis of Recent UTGST Rate Notifications

Periodically, UTGST rate notifications are issued by the GST Council from time to time with respect to evolving economic conditions, industry needs, and policy objectives. Recent notifications pertain to a variety of sectors as follows:

  • Rationalization of tax rates: The GST Council has approved a proposal for the rationalization of UTGST rates in certain goods and services to rationalize the tax structure in various industries and reduce the burden.
  • Relief measures: This council communicates temporary reductions or exemptions in the rates as a step to give relief during hard economic times, like COVID-19, for the suffering of the industries and economic recovery.
  • Environmental considerations: As part of the government’s emphasis on environmental sustainability, notifications under the UTGST rate have been issued to incentivize users of eco-friendly products and discourage the consumption of goods that are injurious to the green environment.

As for the UTGST rate-related issues, some notifications have been issued to streamline compliance. They include issues related to introducing new return filing formats or rationalizing the input tax credit rules.

Compliance Requirements Under UTGST

Businesses operating within the union territories must comply with the UTGST compliance procedures outlined in the relevant laws and regulations. These compliance requirements may include:

  • Registration: Not only will the Registration platform be a global system through which businesses will apply to receive a Goods and Services Tax Identification Number, but that tax system will also apply to the business activities in the Union Territories.
  • Tax calculation and payment: The basic taxing provisions of goods and services are subject to these notified tax rates. Unstable income makes it challenging to save money for unexpected expenses or plan for future investments.
  • Filing returns: As per regulation, UTGST returns are filed on the due date, which may be monthly or quarterly, as per GST law.
  • Record keeping: Good records management in all sales invoices, expense documentation, and other relevant documents must fall within the purview of audit and compliance.
  • Reconciliation: It refers to the process of taxing the UTGST input tax credit to the accounting books as much as possible to ensure the correct tax reporting.

Benefits and Drawbacks of UTGST Rate Notifications

The implementation of UTGST rate notifications brings both benefits and potential drawbacks:


  • Flexibility: Such rate notifications under UTGST provide flexibility to the GST Council for timely response to the changing economic and industry needs, ensuring that the tax system is always dynamic and flexible.
  • Revenue generation: This would allow the council space to effectively manage revenue generation for the Union territories and contribute greatly to economic development and growth in these territories.
  • Policy Implementation: It will also be helpful in policy implementation, for instance, the promotion of certain industries, discouragement of the consumption of some kinds of goods or encouragement of environmental sustainability through UTGST rate notifications.


  • Compliance burden: Such repetitive changes in UTGST rates shall increase the compliance burden of the businesses even further, making them compulsorily update their system, price strategies, and accurate tax calculations without any break.
  • Transitional challenges: These include adjusting to new rate changes under UTGST, dealing with the issue of inventory attracting varied rates of taxes, adjusting input tax credits, and educating stakeholders with respect to the new changes.
  • Potential uncertainty: This is one area where, in the absence of clear guidelines being given well in advance or the notifications of the rate of UTGST not coming well in time, there could be issues of uncertainty and risk in the business’s tax planning or compliance process.


The notifications of the UTGST rate are an essential part of the GST regime and play a very important role in the administration of tax in the Union Territories. These notifications help bring transparency and further compliance to translate policy decisions relating to tax rates, exemptions, and cess into reality.

The ball is now in the court of the Council to take up, finalize the UTGST rates, and be ready for quick changes by business in the Union Territories. By understanding the impact of UTGST rates and adhering to the UTGST compliance procedures, businesses can navigate the tax landscape successfully, contributing to the economic growth and development of the union territories.

In all, the rate notification system for the UTGST provides effective input to the GST Council for maintaining a dynamic and responsive tax system, fostering a business-friendly environment, and ensuring revenues for the union territories.

Also Read: Overview of Union Territory Goods & Services Tax (UTGST)


  • What is UTGST?

UTGST stands for Union Territory Goods and Services Tax. It is the GST levied on intra-Union Territory supplies of goods and services in Union Territories without a state legislature.

  • Which Union Territories are covered under UTGST?

The Union Territories covered under UTGST include Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu, Chandigarh, Jammu and Kashmir, and Ladakh.

  • What is the rate structure for UTGST?

UTGST follows the same rate structure as SGST, with five tax slabs: 0%, 0.25% (for precious stones), 3% (for gold and precious metals), 5%, 12%, 18%, and 28%.

  • How is UTGST calculated and collected?

UTGST is levied on the value of goods/services in addition to CGST. The total GST rate is the sum of CGST and UTGST rates. Businesses collect GST from customers and deposit the UTGST and CGST components with the government.

  • Why are UTGST rate notifications important?

UTGST rate notifications provide clarity and transparency, facilitate compliance, enable policy implementation, and promote economic growth in Union Territories.

  • What is the legal framework for UTGST rate notifications?

The legal framework for UTGST rate notifications is provided by the Union Territory Goods and Services Tax Act, 2017, and its rules and regulations.

  • What are some recent UTGST rate notifications?

Recent UTGST rate notifications include rationalization of tax rates, relief measures, environmental considerations, and compliance streamlining.

  • What are the compliance requirements under UTGST?

Compliance requirements under UTGST include registration, tax calculation and payment, filing returns, record-keeping, and reconciliation.

  • What are the benefits of UTGST rate notifications?

Benefits include flexibility, revenue generation, and policy implementation.

  • What are the drawbacks of UTGST rate notifications?

Drawbacks include compliance burden, transitional challenges, and potential uncertainty.

author avatar
Niharika Kapoor Content Writer
Niharika is a Freelance Content Writer and Translator with a Master of Arts in Literature. She has 5+ years of working in the same and has worked in different industries.

Leave a Reply