Understanding the Significance of GST State Codes in Indian Taxation

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Understanding The Importance of State Codes to Determine the Place of Supply

In the intricate web of modern trade, where goods and services move seamlessly across borders and jurisdictions, determining the “place of supply” is of utmost importance. Navigating the maze of state-specific regulations becomes essential as businesses expand their reach beyond local boundaries. This is where state codes come into play.

A comprehensive tax based on destination, the Goods and Services Tax (GST) is an important cog in the machine that is known as the Indian taxation system. And the GST state code list, an integral part of GST. Crucial for taxpayers and businesses, these codes are a part of the GST Identification Number (GSTIN) and work as a unique identification for every state and union territory in the country.

In this blog, we will understand the concept of state codes and why they are essential for businesses. We will also explore strategies for incorporation of state codes in business processes and benefits of using these codes in supply chains.

What are State Codes and How Do They Work?

Every state and union territory of India has been allocated a unique GST state code for seamless tax administration. It is vital for taxpayers and businesses to know these GST state codes of their respective jurisdictions for hassle-free processing of returns, assessments, and applications.

Ø  State codes play a vital role in the GST system as they aid in identification of important details such as the origin of supplier and place of supply for transactions.

Ø  When a business registers for GST, the state code forms a part of its unique GSTIN, which is subsequently used for all GST-related processes.

Ø  Since different states or regions have distinct regulations, compliance requirements, and tax rates, these codes help by providing a simple way to identify these regions. Businesses can, therefore, adhere to region-specific rules.

Ø  Businesses can determine the correct place of supply with the help of these state codes and ensure that the tax revenue reaches the correct state to avoid penalties or legal disputes. The correct place of supply is crucial for invoicing as it determines the type of tax (IGST, SGST, CGST) applicable.

Ø  State codes also help with demarcation of boundaries, specifically when the transaction involved spans multiple states. State codes are an effective way to ensure accurate record-keeping for businesses.

Ø  The GST state code list is composed of unique codes that have been assigned to every state and union territory. This state code is part of the GSTIN, a unique 15-digit alphanumeric identification assigned to taxpayers on registering under the GST law. The first two digits of the GSTIN are the state code.

Ø  The area covered by a specific GST authority is termed as GST jurisdiction. It is essential for a business to know its jurisdiction to register for GST. GST jurisdiction can be classified as state or central.

Ø  Businesses can identify the relevant jurisdiction by visiting https://cbic-gst.gov.in/. The ‘Services’ section will have an option ‘Know Your Jurisdiction’ with a list of states and union territories, followed by zone, Commissionerate, and division.

captainbiz central board of excise and customs

captainbiz list of states union territories

 List of State Codes

State State Code
Jammu & Kashmir 01
Himachal Pradesh 02
Punjab 03
Chandigarh 04
Uttarakhand 05
Haryana 06
Delhi 07
Rajasthan 08
Uttar Pradesh 09
Bihar 10
Sikkim 11
Arunachal Pradesh 12
Nagaland 13
Manipur 14
Mizoram 15
Tripura 16
Meghalaya 17
Assam 18
West Bengal 19
Jharkhand 20
Odisha 21
Chhattisgarh 22
Madhya Pradesh 23
Gujarat 24
Daman & Diu 25
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 26
Maharashtra 27
Andhra Pradesh 28
Karnataka 29
Goa 30
Lakshadweep 31
Kerala 32
Tamil Nadu 33
Puducherry 34
Andaman & Nicobar Islands 35
Telangana 36
Hyderabad GST Commissionerate 37

Also Read: What are state codes?

Utilising State Codes For Precise Place of Supply Determination

Taxpayers, when registering under the GST law, are assigned a unique 15-digit GSTIN. The first two digits in this number represent the GST state code followed by the taxpayer’s Permanent Account Number (PAN). Digit 13 represents the number of registrations of an entity under the same PAN in the state while number 14 is the letter ‘Z’. The last digit is the checksum code. Therefore, to identify the place of supply, the GSTIN of the recipient is required.

Integration of state codes in place of supply calculations

Integration of state codes can be done after understanding regulations to avoid errors. Businesses can enter state codes for each transaction after understanding the rules of place of supply thoroughly. This exercise will allow the business to ensure correct tax payment and error-free invoices. Businesses must also ensure regular updation of state codes and rules to avoid penalties.

Compliance Standards for Accurate Place of Supply Using State Codes

It is essential to ensure compliance when determining the place of supply using state codes. Choosing the correct place of supply reduces the risk of incorrect tax payment, penalties, and legal disputes. It also ensures that businesses comply with state-wise regulations. The following factors are essential to meet compliance standards for the correct place of supply.

Ø  All relevant documents must include the GSTIN of the supplier as well as the recipient. Businesses must also verify that the first two digits of the GSTIN, or the state code, is mentioned correctly. This will prevent any error while identifying the correct place of supply.

Ø  Invoices must include GSTIN with the correct state code of supplier and recipient for every transaction.

Ø  The correct state code will help businesses to differentiate the nature of transaction (interstate or intrastate) accurately and thereby determine the appropriate GST type on the transaction.

Ø  Businesses must adhere to the place of supply rules for the correct place of supply and relevant state code.

Ø  Businesses can use accounting software that can handle GST calculations by factoring in state codes.

Ø  Organisations must stay updated about any changes in regulations, modifications to state codes, or place of supply rules.

Ø  Documenting state codes related to each transaction will ensure that a business is prepared for audits- internal or external, and has met compliance requirements.

Ø  In case of e-invoices, ensure that state codes are represented accurately in the format specified by law.

Ø  Reviewing transactions and conducting regular internal audits is another procedure that ensures accurate place of supply determination.

Also Read: How are state codes used to determine the place of supply?

Strategies for Seamless Incorporation of State Codes in Business Processes

Place of supply is an important concept as it determines the jurisdiction under which a transaction needs to be taxed. Knowledge of the relevant place of supply also ensures that a business is following the correct state-wise regulations. Therefore, it is essential to identify the correct state code of the supplier and recipient in a business transaction. This state code can be used to accurately determine the jurisdiction of the place of supply. It is therefore crucial to incorporate state codes correctly into the business process. Given below are a few strategies that a business can adopt to ensure accurate incorporation of state codes.

Ø  Businesses must train employees about the importance of state codes to determine place of supply and maintain compliance. Training employees to ensure correct identification and use of state codes in documentation will go a long way in preventing errors in process.

Ø  Organisations can use technology such as advanced accounting software that are equipped to handle state code integration. Regularly updating systems will ensure compliance as the updates will include any modification in state codes or regulations.

Ø  Organisations can consider the use of e-invoicing that is in tandem with government specifications. This can enhance accuracy of the process by streamlining state code integration.

Ø  Businesses can develop guidelines or standard operating procedures that clearly outline steps to incorporate state codes for various business processes. These guidelines can also include information about validation of state codes in invoices or other documents.

Ø  Including processes that involve data validation checks can aid in error identification and allow timely correction.

Ø  Businesses can implement record-keeping and establish an efficient system to document state codes associated with transactions. Additionally, a business can also incorporate a monitoring process that includes internal audits to ensure accurate integration of state codes.

Ø  Engaging professional services of industry experts can enhance the accuracy of state code utilising an organisation’s business process.

Also Read: Why are state codes important?

 Legal Considerations In The Use Of State Codes For Place Of Supply

A business must ensure accurate use of state codes for place of supply as failure to do so may have legal repercussions. Inaccurate state codes may lead to errors in determining the correct place of supply and lead to penalties due to incorrect taxation.

Ø  Each state may have its own regulations regarding trade, commerce, or taxation. Correct state codes will ensure that the business is following state-specific regulations.

Ø   The place of supply determines the state that is eligible to collect revenue. Therefore, it is essential to record the correct state code for place of supply. Failure to do so may attract penalties or legal consequences.

Ø  Inaccuracy in reporting of transactions, including correct state codes in invoices or other documents, can have legal repercussions.

Ø  If a transaction requires an e-invoice, it is essential that the business complies with prescribed standards, including correct representation of state codes.

Ø  Businesses must stay updated about any modifications in regulations or state codes to ensure ongoing compliance.

Ø  It is advisable to seek legal advice from a professional who is well-versed in tax laws, regulations, compliance, etc.

Also Read: What are the different state codes that apply to different places of supply?

Maximising Benefits Through Effective State Code Utilisation In Supply Chains

Using state codes effectively in supply chains can work in a business’s favour for several reasons. From compliance, tax benefits, accurate record-keeping, to enhanced efficiency in the business process- the correct use of state codes can always help a business. Given below are a few ways in which a business can maximise benefits through the effective use of state codes.

Ø  A business can ensure compliance with regulations and appropriate taxation rates by using state codes accurately.

Ø  Identifying and utilising the correct state codes can also enable a business to reduce tax liability if the tax rate is lower in a particular state.

Ø  Using state code in supply chain management can improve logistics. Businesses can also consider strategic placement of warehouses for efficient distribution.

Ø   In case of interstate transactions, effective use of state codes in the supply chain ensures that a business is compliant with regulations of the other state.

Ø  Using state codes effectively in documentation will ascertain compliance, streamline invoicing, and reduce errors.


State codes have an important role to play when determining the place of supply for a transaction. Accurate identification of the jurisdiction where business is conducted is of paramount importance as several factors such as tax liabilities, compliance obligations, and business decisions depend on it. Additionally, by incorporating state codes into different aspects of the business process- from invoicing and documentation to inventory management- businesses stand to gain enormously.

By ensuring that businesses apply correct tax rates according to regional regulations, state codes help in reducing the risk or penalties and legal repercussions. State codes are the keys that unlock a plethora of benefits like logistical efficiency, compliance, and seamless transactions.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • What is a state code?

The state code is a numeric code provided to each state and union territory under GST law. The code is used to identify jurisdiction with respect to tax and state-wise regulations.

  • Is the state code list updated frequently?

The state code list is updated whenever there is a change in the political map of the country.

  • Can the state code affect the tax charged for a transaction?

Yes, depending on the state, type of transaction, and place of supply, the tax amount can vary.

  • Why is it important to identify accurate state codes for the place of supply?

  It is essential to identify accurate state codes for the place of supply to avoid issues such as        incorrect taxation, penalties, compliance failure, or legal disputes.

  • How does the government allot state codes?

The government allots state codes serially, based on geographical locations. The first two digits of the GSTIN denote the location of the business within a state.

  • How many types of GST jurisdictions exist?

There are two types of GST jurisdiction, state and central.

  • What is the state code used to denote central jurisdiction?

Central jurisdiction is denoted by the state code 99.

  • How to find the correct GST jurisdiction?

The relevant jurisdiction can be found by visiting https://cbic-gst.gov.in/#. 

  • Can a business have more than one GSTIN?

A business is eligible to have more than one GSTIN if it operates out of more than one state or union territories.

  • What state code can businesses use for export?

Businesses can use the state code 97 for export, which denotes other territories. The place of supply will be the location of the buyer.

author avatar
Rashmi Ayyagari Freelance Writer
Armed with an engineering degree and fueled by a profound love for the written word, I aim to demystify intricate financial concepts through meticulously researched articles. Through an analytical, yet simple approach, I intend to cover the fascinating world of finance and ensure easy learning for all.

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