TDS certificates and TDS credit in GSTR-7

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The introduction of the Goods and Services Tax (GST) in India has significantly overhauled the country’s tax structure. The GSTR-7 return holds considerable importance in this new tax regime, primarily submitted by taxpayers tasked with Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) responsibilities under GST regulations. This blog post will provide a comprehensive exploration of the critical aspects related to TDS certificates and TDS credits within the context of GSTR-7.

An Introduction to GSTR-7

GSTR-7 is a monthly return form encompassing information about TDS deductions, TDS payable, TDS liability paid or expected, and TDS refunds claimed, as outlined in Section 54 of the CGST Act, 2017. Entities mandated to deduct TDS under Section 51 of the CGST Act 2017 encompass government departments, agencies, local authorities, and specific individuals or categories designated by the GST Council.

Registration Requirement for filing GSTR-7

  • Register as a Tax Deductor and possess a valid/active GSTIN.
  • A user should have a valid User ID and password for GST portal access.
  • Maintain an active, non-expired, or non-revoked digital signature (DSC) if filing the return through DSC.
  • Ensure payment has been made or the amount has been credited to the supplier’s account.

Relationship Between GST and TDS

Under the Central GST (CGST) Act, entities specified in the notification must deduct TDS at 1% on payments exceeding Rs 2.5 lakh for the supply of goods or services. Furthermore, states can impose a 1% TDS under their laws.

In e-commerce, businesses must collect up to 1% TCS when paying suppliers under the Goods and Services Tax (GST). Similarly, states possess the authority to levy up to 1% TCS under their State GST (SGST) regulations.

TDS Certificates in GSTR-7

A TDS certificate in Form GSTR-7A is automatically generated based on the information provided in Form GSTR-7 submitted by the Deductor. Each GSTIN receives only one TDS certificate covering all supplies for which tax has been deducted in each GSTR-7 return. Notably, this certificate does not necessitate the signature of the Tax Deductor.

A precondition for the Generation of TDS

The deductor must first file a return in Form GSTR-7 to generate a TDS certificate on the GST Portal, and the deductee must accept the details uploaded by the deductor and file their return. Subsequently, the taxpayer (Deductor or Deductee) can download and retain a copy of their TDS Certificate for future reference.

Also Read: Details required in GSTR-7 for Tax Deducted at Source (TDS)

Process of Generating TDS certificate 

  1. Visit the GST Portal website at
  2. Log in to the GST Portal using your valid credentials.
  3. Go to the “Services” section and select “User Services.”
  4. Click on the “View/Download Certificates” option.
  5. The View/Download Certificates page will appear. Locate and click on the “TDS Certificate” link.
  6. Choose the desired Financial Year and Return Filing Period from the drop-down lists.

TDS Credit in GSTR-7

The deductee, the recipient of the goods or services on which TDS has been deducted, can claim TDS as Input Tax Credit (ITC). This ITC can be utilised to offset their output tax liability. The details of TDS deducted are automatically made available to deductees in PART ‘C’ of Form GSTR-2A after the due date for filing Form GSTR-7.

The deductee is required to take action on the TDS details that are auto-populated in the TDS and TCS Credit received table of their return. It is essential for the deductee to either accept or reject these details to ensure that the TDS amount is credited to their Electronic Cash Ledger. This credit occurs only after the deductee’s acceptance of the TDS and TCS credit received, which is auto-populated upon the deductor’s return filing, and the filing of the relevant form.

TDS Refund in the GST Regime

Deductors can request a refund if they have made an excess payment to the government. However, there is a crucial condition for this refund. If the TDS amount deposited has already been credited to the deductee’s electronic cash ledger by the government, the deductor is not eligible to claim it. In such cases, the deductee retains the right to seek a refund for the surplus tax deducted under the provisions outlined in the act.

Importance of Timely Compliance

Adherence to GST regulations within the prescribed timelines is essential to prevent penalties and maintain seamless business operations. Please file GSTR-7 on time or not filing it at all to avoid the imposition of late fees and penalties, which can accumulate into substantial amounts. Additionally, non-compliance may adversely affect a taxpayer’s compliance rating, potentially leading to significant consequences for their business.


The introduction of the Goods and Services Tax (GST) in India represented a monumental transformation in the country’s tax structure, consolidating the various indirect taxes previously imposed by both Central and State governments. To facilitate this transition and promote uniform tax compliance, the Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) established a national tax administration network to facilitate this transition and promote uniform tax compliance.

The GSTR-7 return plays a pivotal role in this streamlined tax system. It is an annual return filed by entities mandated to deduct tax under Section 51 of the CGST Act, 2017. The process begins with the deductor filing a return in Form GSTR-7 on the GST Portal, leading to the generation of a TDS certificate. Subsequently, the deductee must accept the details uploaded by the deductor and file their return. At this point, the taxpayer (whether Deductor or Deductee) has the option to download and retain a copy of their TDS Certificate for future reference.

Frequently Asked Question(FAQs)

       1. As a taxpayer (Deductor or Deductee), can I download and retain a copy of my TDS Certificate for future reference? 

Yes, you can access and download your TDS Certificate in the post-login mode on the GST portal.

      2. How many TDS Certificates are issued per GSTIN?

Only one TDS certificate is issued per GSTIN for all supplies on which tax has been deducted for each filed GSTR-7 return.

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