Calculation and payment of TDS liability in GSTR-7

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In the case of GSTR-7, businesses need to understand the calculation and payment process to ensure accuracy and avoid penalties. This article explores the intricacies of TDS liability calculation under GSTR-7, providing valuable insights into the steps involved and the importance of maintaining accurate records. By correctly calculating and paying their TDS liability, businesses can fulfil their tax obligations and comply with GST regulations.

What is TDS under GST?

Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) levies taxes by deducting specific percentages from the payments made for goods and services.

The legal framework governing TDS under GST is detailed in Section 51 of the CGST Act, in conjunction with CGST Rule 66. This provision outlines the principles and procedures for implementing TDS in the GST regime.

Importance of GSTR-7 

Tax Loop Balance: 

GSTR-7 mandates the deductor to deduct TDS from payments to suppliers, thereby establishing equilibrium in the tax cycle.

Input Tax Credit Claims (ITCs): 

Vendors subjected to TDS have the right to claim ITCs. The deductee, the party from whom TDS is withheld, can assert TDS as an ITC, employing it to offset their output tax liability.

TDS Details:

 GSTR-7 provides a comprehensive breakdown of TDS particulars, encompassing deducted amounts, paid and payable TDS, and any TDS refund requests. These specifics are electronically accessible to deductees in PART ‘C’ of Form GSTR-2A after the Form GSTR-7 filing deadline.

TDS Certificate: 

The certificate for withheld TDS is accessible in Form GSTR-7A, generated based on the GSTR-7 submission.

When and to Whom Should the TDS Be Paid?

TDS payment must be made within ten days from the end of the month in which the tax is deducted and filed in Form GSTR-7. The payment should be directed to the relevant government entity as follows:

  • To the Central Government for IGST and CGST.
  • To the State government for SGST.

Registration Requirement for filing GSTR-7

  • Register as a Tax Deductor and possess a valid/active GSTIN.
  • Every user should have a valid User ID and password for GST portal access.
  • Maintain an active, non-expired, or non-revoked digital signature (DSC) if filing the return through DSC.
  • Ensure payment has been made or the amount has been credited to the supplier’s account.

Steps Followed by the Taxpayer to File GSTR-7

  1. Input information into the worksheet for each table.
  2. Generate a JSON file for uploading.
  3. Upload the created GSTR 7 JSON File on the GST Portal.
  4. Preview Form GSTR-7 directly on the GST Portal.
  5. Complete the tax payment.
  6. Submit Form GSTR-7 with a Digital Signature Certificate (DSC) or Electronic Verification Code (EVC).
  7. Review debit details or entries in the electronic cash ledger related to tax payments.”

The entities eligible for Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) deduction under GST

  • Departments or establishments of the Central or State government.
  • Local authorities.
  • Governmental agencies.
  • Persons or categories of persons recommended by the GST Council and notified by the Central or State government.

As per Notification No. 33/2017 – Central Tax, dated 15 September 2017, the following entities are authorised to deduct TDS under GST:

  • Entities established by the Parliament, a State Legislature, or a government where the government holds a controlling stake of 51% or more.
  • Societies registered under the Societies Registration Act of 1860 and established by the Central or any state government or local authority.
  • Public sector undertakings (PSUs).

Calculation of TDS Liability under GSTR-7

Deductors are obligated to withhold TDS when the total contract value surpasses Rs. 2.5 lakh. The TDS rate is 2% (1% CGST + 1% SGST) for intrastate supplies and 2% (IGST) for interstate supplies. However, TDS is not applicable when the supplier’s location and the place of supply differ from the recipient’s registered state.

Also Read: Details required in GSTR-7 for Tax Deducted at Source (TDS)

What happens after filing the GSTR-7?

  • An ARN (Acknowledgment Reference Number) is generated to confirm the successful filing of Form GSTR-7 Return.
  • SMS and email notifications are dispatched to the applicant or TDS deductor on their registered mobile and email address.
  • The details presented in Table 3 and Table 4 are shared with the deductee (the counterparty), who can take action by either accepting or rejecting the information.
  • The return becomes accessible in the tax officer’s Dashboard for viewing and processing.


TDS is a tax levied by businesses on goods or services from suppliers. The rate of TDS can vary based on several factors, including the type of goods being purchased, the location of the supplier, and the type of service being performed. While TDS is legally permitted under the GST regime, it does not automatically exist in every country. That said, businesses are encouraged to draft their TDS policies and procedures to ensure local laws and regulations compliance.

It is also essential to manage the risks associated with TDS. While TDS is a significant cost for businesses and can represent up to 25% of their gross sales, it can also harm the business if it is not calculated correctly and paid. Therefore, it is essential for businesses to fully understand their TDS liability and calculate it correctly to avoid penalties and fines.

Frequently Asked Question(FAQs)

  1. How can I satisfy my TDS liability efficiently?

TDS liability can only be settled using the Electronic Cash Ledger when filing your return.

      2. Can I preview Form GSTR-7 before submission?

You can review a draft of Form GSTR-7 by selecting ‘Preview Draft GSTR 7’ before initiating the

author avatar
Shraddha Vaviya Content Writer
With several years of experience, I am deeply passionate about writing and enjoy creating content on topics such as GST, tax and various finance-related subjects. My goal is to make complex financial matters understandable for readers by simplifying them.

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