What is PAN (Permanent Account Number)?

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A Permanent Account Number or PAN is a unique set of letters and numbers that identify a person. It is essential for doing business with money and taxes in India. You can be confident you are maintaining accurate records and adhering to the regulations with this Income Tax Department paper. Let’s look at the PAN card’s importance and other significant details below.

What is a PAN?

The Income Tax Department issues Permanent Account Number or PAN. It is a code that contains ten characters. The Central Board of Direct Taxes is in charge of giving it out. Each person, thing, or organisation has their unique number. It ensures that all that entity’s tax information is recorded correctly and regularly.

Who Issues the PAN?

The Permanent Account Number or PAN is issued by the Income Tax Department of India. This department is a part of the Central Board of Direct Taxes. Each PAN is unique and follows strict government rules thanks to this central authority. It helps ensure that tax information across the country is correct and consistent. This way of issuing helps ensure accurate financial records and compliance with the rules.

Structure of PAN

Individuals and businesses are each given a unique ten-character numerical code called a Permanent Account Number PAN. Tracking and identifying this code is possible because it follows a specific format. ABCDE1234F is a standard PAN code, which means:

  • The first five characters are letters. The first three are a string of letters going from AAA to ZZZ. The fourth shows what kind of person the PAN user is. In this case, P stands for person and C for business. The first letter of the organisation’s or the holder’s last name makes up the fifth.
  • The following four characters are numbers between 0001 and 9999.
  • Because it’s a check number, the last character is a letter.

This organised style makes it easy to find and confirm who holds the PAN.

The Worth of the Permanent Account Number

PANs are necessary for everyone handling money in India. This unique number ensures that all tax-related data is recorded consistently. It makes tax dodging and theft less likely to happen. These are some essential facts that show how important it is:

  • Taxes: You need a Permanent Account Number PAN to file your income tax returns. It ensures that the government keeps correct records and figures out how much tax a person or business owes.
  • Identity Proof: The PAN card is a legal form of identification used in many areas. One can use it in financial companies, government services, and other places.
  • Financial Deals: For deals over a certain amount, banks and other financial institutions need your PAN. These include starting an account, paying, or taking money out. It helps make sure that everything is transparent and traceable.
  • Buying and Selling Assets: You must quote your Permanent Account Number PAN when you buy or sell land or cars worth more than a certain amount. This makes it easier to keep track of deals with a lot of value.
  • Investments: A PAN is necessary to buy stocks, bonds, and joint funds. It helps keep track of tax forms correctly.

Application for a Permanent Account Number

Getting a Permanent Account Number PAN is easy. There are plans for it to be available both online and off. Here is a complete guide on how to get a PAN:

Online Application Process

  1. Consult the Official Websites: You may apply for a PAN on the two official websites, NSDL and UTIITSL. NSDL is now called Protean eGov Technologies Limited. To start your application, go to either page.
  2. Choose the Right Form: Indian people should choose Form 49A. In contrast, people from other countries must fill out Form 49AA.
  3. Enter the Required Data: Enter personal information, including your name, birthdate, and contact details. Verify all the details to prevent delays.
  4. Upload Documents to Support: These things are what you will need to give:
    1. ID proof like an Aadhaar card or voter ID
    2. Proof of where you live, like a power bill or voter ID
    3. A birth certificate or matriculation certificate as evidence of your birthdate.
  5. Fees: One of the methods provided allows you to pay the application fee online. It costs ₹101 for Indian citizens and ₹989 for NRIs.
  6. Track the Status: Once you’ve completed all the information and uploaded any necessary files, send the form online. It will be possible to keep track of your entry by its response number.

Offline Application Process

  1. Get the Form: The NSDL or UTIITSL websites have Form 49A or Form 49AA available. It’s also possible to get it from PAN assistance centres.
  2. Fill in the Areas: Fill out the form with the correct information about yourself. Attach a current picture as well.
  3. Include Supporting Documents: Include pictures of your ID, address, and date of birth to prove who you are.
  4. Send the Form: Take the completed form and any supporting papers to the PAN assistance centre closest to you.
  5. Track the Application: To find out what’s happening with your application, use the response number you received when you sent it.

Checking PAN Card Status

Keeping an eye on the PAN card status Permanent Account Number after filing is essential to ensure no delays or problems. To see what’s going on, do this:

  • Check out the official website. Click on the NSDL or UTIITSL link.
  • Input your receipt number and any other information asked for.
  • It will show you what the current state of your PAN application is.

Do routine checks on the PAN card (Permanent Account Number’s)status. Keeping up with any necessary actions or changes can be easier with it.

Downloading the PAN Card

You can now also download an electronic copy of your PAN card. Here’s how to conduct a PAN card Permanent Account Number download:

  • Check out the official website. Go to the websites for NSDL or UTIITSL.
  • Type in your PAN number, date of birth, and the security code.
  • After proving who you are, you can download the e-PAN in a PDF file.

Verification of PAN

It is essential to check your Permanent Account Number PAN to ensure it is still legal and current. This process helps ensure that the Income Tax Department’s computer has the correct information about you. To check your PAN:

  • Go to the e-filing site for the Income Tax Department.
  • Check your PAN number. Type in your PAN number and the security code.
  • The system will show you the state of your PAN.

Read Also: Understanding State Codes: Significance in Taxation and Regulatory Frameworks


The Permane nt Account Number PAN is integral to your business identity in India. It keeps correct records of tax-related data and manages it well. Everyone needs to know how it works, from applying for a PAN to ensuring it’s correct.

Check out CaptainBiz for easy ways to run your business. Make your banking activities easier and ensure you follow the rules.


Could I have more than one PAN?

No, having more than one PAN is against the law. Multiple PAN ownership can cause problems for you.

How long does a PAN take to obtain?

It often takes fifteen business days after registration to receive a PAN. Nevertheless, this period might vary based on the quality of the paperwork and application.

In case I misplace my PAN card, what do I have to do?

You can apply for a new one if you misplace your previous Permanent Account Number PAN. Vist the UTIITSL or NSDL websites. Then complete the “Request for New PAN Card or/and Changes or Corrections in PAN Data” form. After that, do what you must to get a second card.

How do I change the information on my PAN?

Go to the NSDL or UTIITSL page to change your PAN information. Click “Changes or Corrections in PAN Data” and do what it says. Send in the necessary paperwork to back up the changes.

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Arpita Rathod Placement Representative
Arpita is a seasoned financial content writer with a specialized focus on Goods and Services Tax (GST). With a deep passion for the world of taxation and a Master's in English Literature, her specialization lies in taking challenging topics from diverse fields and breaking them down into digestible, engaging narratives.

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