Have you ever heard the term MSME? Well, it is a category of enterprises that get special benefits and assistance from banks and the government to ensure sustenance in the market. This special treatment is given to MSMEs as they immensely contribute to the employment rates of the country. Moreover, 96% of the Indian market comprises small companies.
Thus, it is normal to mistake a non-MSME firm for an MSME firm. If you, too, face the same issue. Then, read the article below till the end. It will give you a list of businesses that come under MSME.
What is an MSME?
MSME is an abbreviation for Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises. It consists of enterprises in critical economic positions. These companies are involved mainly in the production and processing of commodities. MSMEs are often smaller in scale than major enterprises.
This component helps greatly with local development by providing a level of flexibility and creativity. They also play an important part in a variety of industries, from small bakeries and workshops to growing Internet businesses. As a result, MSMEs are regarded as the backbone of many communities.
How are MSMEs classified?
MSMEs are classified into three primary categories to ensure businesses receive appropriate support and benefits. This classification is done based on their investment and annual turnover.
1. Micro Enterprises
Micro Enterprises represent the smallest category of MSMEs, characterised by relatively modest investment in plant and machinery or equipment. These businesses have an investment ceiling of up to ₹25 lakh and maintain a turnover of up to ₹5 crore annually. Micro enterprises play a crucial role in local economies. They often embody entrepreneurial spirit and contribute to community development.
2. Small Enterprises
Small Enterprises fall within an intermediate range, demonstrating a moderate level of investment in both plant and machinery or equipment. These businesses have an investment ranging from ₹25 lakh to ₹100 crore, with an annual turnover spanning from ₹5 crore to ₹50 crore.
Small enterprises strike a balance between scalability and adaptability. These features promote innovation and employment opportunities in various sectors.
3. Medium Enterprises
Medium enterprises represent a larger and more established category of MSMEs. They have significant investments in plants, machinery, or equipment. Falling within the investment range of ₹100 crore to ₹250 crore, these businesses maintain an annual turnover from ₹50 crore to ₹250 crore.
Medium enterprises play a critical role in driving economic growth. They contribute substantially to local and national economies through enhanced production capacity and market presence.
What are the Types of Businesses That Fall Under MSME?
MSMEs encompass a vast array of businesses. Here are some of the major types of businesses found within MSMEs:
Manufacturing is a type of business where MSMEs create products on a larger scale. It involves making things like clothes, gadgets, or food.
Services in MSMEs involve providing helpful actions instead of physical products. Small businesses often offer services like consulting, repairs, or cleaning. These enterprises contribute to the economy by delivering valuable assistance, creating jobs, and meeting various community needs.
Retail is a type of business where MSMEs sell goods directly to consumers. Think of local shops or online stores. Small and medium-sized retail enterprises offer various products, making them accessible to people in communities.
4. Food Processing
Food processing is an MSME business involving transforming raw ingredients into edible products. Small and medium-sized enterprises in this sector create foods like snacks, beverages, and packaged items. They enhance the value of raw materials, ensuring a diverse range of tasty and convenient food choices for consumers.
5. Handicrafts and Artisanal Work
Handicrafts and artisanal work are MSME businesses where skilled individuals create unique handmade products. These enterprises produce items like pottery, jewellery, and textiles, showcasing traditional craftsmanship.
6. Technology and Innovation
Technology and innovation in MSMEs involve creative solutions and advancements. Small and medium-sized enterprises contribute by developing new software, gadgets, or services.
List of Businesses That Come Under MSME
MSMEs comprise a diverse ecosystem with a wide range of businesses. Some of them are listed as follows:
a. Textile & Garments
These MSMEs weave fabrics and craft garments, ensuring we stay clothed and comfortable.
b. Food Processing
From preserving produce to baking treats, these businesses ensure food security and culinary delight.
c. Furniture & Woodworks
Skilled artisans carve elegant furniture, craft decorative pieces, and build sturdy shelves, shaping wood into functional beauty.
d. Metal & Steelworks
These MSMEs forge tools, machinery, and intricate metal structures, breathing life into steel.
Local grocery stores, bookshops, and boutiques bring convenience and variety to daily life.
b. IT & Software
Tech-savvy businesses build websites, develop apps, and offer tech support, keeping us connected and informed.
c. Hospitality & Tourism
Bed-and-breakfasts, travel agencies, and tour operators fuel wanderlust and showcase local charm.
d. Education & Training
Coaching centres, vocational institutes, and language schools invest in knowledge and skills.
3. Other Prominent Industries
a. Agriculture & Animal Husbandry
Small farms, poultry, and dairy cooperatives nourish communities, keeping food production thriving.
b. Healthcare & Wellness
Local pharmacies, dental clinics, and physiotherapy centres contribute to community health and well-being.
c. Construction & Infrastructure
Skilled professionals like building contractors, electricians, and plumbers lay the foundation for development.
d. Arts & Crafts
Artisans, from potters to weavers, preserve cultural heritage and offer unique, handcrafted products.
List of Businesses That Do Not Come Under MSME
While MSMEs encompass a vast array of businesses, certain activities fall outside their scope due to their nature, size, or focus. Here are some of its prominent examples:
- Financial and Insurance Services
- Public Utilities and Infrastructure
- Educational Institutions
- Extractive Industries
- Professional Services
- Gambling and Betting
- Retail Trade (Specific Exclusions)
- Activities of Households
- Extraterritorial Organisations
Each of these businesses does not comply with the core features of an MSME. Thus, they are not considered as one.
What are the Factors Promoting MSME Growth in Various Sectors?
MSMEs are critical to economic growth. Several variables contribute to their growth and sustainability in a variety of industries.
1. Government Initiatives and Policies
Government assistance for MSME growth through favourable policies, subsidies, and easy access to finance. Tailored programmes encourage entrepreneurship, establishing a favourable business climate.
2. Access to Finance
MSMEs benefit from adequate and easily available financial resources. These businesses can invest in technology and expansion because they have access to loans and financial inclusion efforts.
3. Technological Advances
Adopting current technology boosts production and efficiency. MSMEs that use digital tools, automation, and e-commerce platforms may simplify operations, expand into new markets, and stay competitive.
4. Skill Development Programs
Continuous training and skill development programmes help to build a capable workforce. MSME personnel who are equipped with current skills contribute to creativity, quality, and the overall growth of the firm.
5. Market Access and Globalisation
Facilitating local and international market access enhances prospects for MSMEs. Participation in global value chains and overseas marketplaces has the potential to increase sales and diversify income streams.
6. Infrastructure Development
Reliable infrastructure, such as transportation, electricity, and communication networks, supports the operations of small and medium-sized businesses. Improved logistics save money, increase efficiency, and contribute to overall corporate success.
7. Collaboration and networking
MSMEs benefit from synergies created by collaborative platforms, industry alliances, and networking events. Collaboration promotes information exchange, joint ventures, and collaborative activities, increasing the market influence of these businesses.
8. Social and Environmental Responsibility
Sustainable practices and social responsibility improve MSME credibility. Consumers increasingly favour firms committed to environmental protection and community welfare. Thus, their efforts benefit the brand and market position.
What are the Various Sector Specific MSME Schemes?
Governments have crafted a range of sector-specific schemes to fuel their growth and address their unique challenges. Some of these initiatives are:
1. Micro Enterprises
A. Credit Linked Capital Subsidy Scheme (CLCSS)
- Provides capital subsidy for technology upgradation.
- Covers 15% of project cost for micro-enterprises.
- Aims to improve productivity and competitiveness.
B. Micro and Small Enterprises Cluster Development Programme (MSE-CDP)
- Supports infrastructure development and common facilities in clusters.
- Enhances competitiveness and promotes specialisation.
- Builds strong networks and facilitates knowledge sharing.
2. Small Enterprises
A. Technology Upgradation Scheme (TUS)
- Provides financial assistance for the adoption of modern technologies.
- Covers up to 15% of project costs for small enterprises.
- Helps improve quality, productivity, and market access.
B. Market Development Assistance (MDA) Scheme
- Supports participation in trade fairs and exhibitions.
- Offers financial assistance for branding and marketing activities.
- Helps expand market reach and visibility.
3. Medium Enterprises
A. Credit Guarantee Fund Trust for Micro and Small Enterprises (CGTMSE)
- Provides credit guarantee to banks for lending to MSMEs.
- Eases credit access for medium enterprises.
- Reduces credit risk for lenders and facilitates growth.
B. Scheme for Promoting Innovation, Rural Industry & Entrepreneurship (ASPIRE)
- Fosters innovation and entrepreneurship in rural areas.
- Provides financial support for product development and commercialisation.
- Encourages job creation and rural development.
These schemes’ availability and eligibility criteria may differ across regions and sectors. It is also crucial to visit their official websites for the latest details or consult relevant government agencies to access accurate and up-to-date information. MSMEs can strategise these sector-specific schemes to overcome challenges and seize opportunities.
MSMEs have proven to be the backbone of economies throughout the world. These enterprises play an essential role in both local and worldwide marketplaces. The investment and turnover categorisation enables personalised assistance.
As you go over the list of businesses under MSMEs, it is evident that these enterprises contribute significantly to economic progress. They are a driving force for sustainable and equitable development because of their dedication to excellence.
Frequently Asked Questions
Q1. How do you Check if a Company is MSME Registered?
Visit the Udyam Registration website and navigate to the “Verify Udyam Registration” section. Input your Udyam Registration number and provide the corresponding verification code for confirmation.
Q2. Who is Eligible for MSME 2023?
Business entities such as proprietorships, partnership firms, companies, trusts, or societies that have an investment of less than ₹50 crore and an annual turnover below ₹250 crore are eligible for MSME registration.
Q3. Is MSME Registration Free?
The registration process for MSMEs on the Udyam Registration Portal is completely conducted online, and there is no charge associated with MSME registrations. The registration is provided free of cost.
Q4. What is the MSME Scheme 2023?
The ₹5 lakh crore Emergency Credit Line Guarantee Scheme (ECLGS) was introduced during the COVID-19 pandemic to address credit gaps in businesses, including MSMEs. Operational until March 31, 2023, it served as a crucial financial support measure.
Q5. Does MSME Require a License?
On August 27, the Urban Development Department issued a circular garnering a positive response from micro, small, and medium enterprises (MSMEs). They welcomed the exemption from the requirement to obtain trade licenses for operations within recognised industrial estates/areas. This move is expected to streamline processes and promote ease of business for MSMEs.
Q6. How Many Companies are Registered in MSME?
In India, micro-enterprises dominate the MSME landscape, constituting over 99% of the total. Micro-businesses play a significant role, with a staggering number of 630.5 lakh enterprises. Small businesses, numbering 3.3 lahks, make up 0.5% of MSMEs. Whereas medium-sized businesses, totalling 0.05 lakh, constitute 0.01% of the MSME sector. This distribution highlights the prevalence of micro-enterprises in the Indian MSME ecosystem.
Q7. What Happens if an MSME loan is not Paid?
As per Section 16 of the Act, in the event of postponed payment or non-payment, the buyer must pay interest with monthly rest to the supplier. The interest is compounded at three times the bank rate as notified by the RBI. This provision aims to ensure timely and fair compensation to the supplier for any delays in payment by the buyer.
Q8. Can PVT LTD Register as MSME?
MSME registration in India is inclusive, extending to various entities, encompassing micro, small, and medium-sized firms. Additionally, registration is available for diverse business structures, including limited liability partnerships (LLP), private limited companies, one-person companies (OPC), sole proprietorships, partnerships, and public companies. This flexibility promotes accessibility for a broad spectrum of businesses seeking MSME recognition.
Q9. What is the Lowest Interest Rate for MSME?
Interest rates for MSME loans commence at 7.65% per annum. The sanctioned loan amounts vary, ranging from as low as Rs. 50,000 and can extend to several crores, providing a flexible financing option tailored to the diverse needs and scales of Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises.
Q10. How Much Loan can you get on MSME without collateral?
Under the MUDRA (Micro Units Development and Refinance Agency) scheme, MSME loans without the requirement of collateral are categorised into three segments:
- Shishu: Loans up to ₹50,000, designed primarily for start-ups and businesses in their initial stages.
- Kishor: Loans ranging from ₹50,001 to ₹5,00,000 cater to businesses that have progressed beyond the start-up phase and require a higher funding limit.
- Tarun: Loans ranging from ₹5,00,001 to ₹10,00,000, providing a higher financial threshold for more established MSMEs with greater capital needs.
These categorisations aim to facilitate accessible and targeted financial support for MSMEs at different stages of development.