Import Duties, Taxes and Input Tax Credit (ITC): Impact of Place of Supply

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Suppose you wish to expand your trading to excel in navigating the compliance complexities and maximize the efficiency of the overall process, in that case, it’s best to understand import duties, taxes, and ITC thoroughly.

Why should you have a better understanding of this phenomenon as a whole? It’s because unleashing these steps and understanding them will help you save costs and unlock new opportunities for your business.

This document is a roadmap leading towards understanding import duties and taxes, input tax credit, and the impact of place of supply. Not only this, but you would also get to learn calculation methods and other valuation methods.

It’s essential to get a hold of these concepts because they will help you learn these steps and strategies commonly used in the trading regime and help your business stay on top. Let’s master the steps towards seamless compliance, documentation, auditing, and identification of the place of supply. 

Import duties and taxes 

The import and export process comes with haphazard and unannounced penalties and charges. To cope with the process, the best way is to keep the following points in mind:

  1. Stay up to date: It’s important to stay updated with the ongoing import process. The rules and laws, as well as the charges for different penalties, keep changing. It’s better to stay in touch with the government and GST laws and regulations so you can keep a check on the process and work accordingly. 
  2. Professional guidance: The dynamic of trading keeps changing. Whenever you encounter any unexpected problems or get stuck with the process because of any documentation or charges, the best way is to hand over your case to a professional. He better knows how to tackle such situations and help you come out. 
  3. Planning: To stand against any surprises coming from customs or any other department, the best way is to keep planning and move forward with that. It’s first and foremost essential to remember the tax considerations, and then you can plan accordingly. When you move forward with planning, things will go smoothly, and the process will be seamless, too. 

How to minimize costs? 

While you float into this process, there are certain ways in which the costs can be minimized. These ways are:

  1. Duty-free exemptions
  2. Duty optimization 
  3. Strategy 
  4. Transfer of the price 

Input tax credit (ITC)

Once businesses install input tax credits, it helps them cope with the taxes they have paid on imported goods. It’s difficult to navigate the calculations, eligibility, and utilization of input tax credits. It comes with its own difficulties.

Let’s get to know which category of a business/businessman is eligible for availing of the perks of the input tax credit:

  1. Registered taxpayer: If the business owners have any registration with the FBR, they can claim input tax on their imported goods. Registration is of utmost importance. 
  2. Taxable supplies: ITC can be claimed only on taxable supplies. 
  3. Documentation: Proper maintenance of documents and record-keeping of invoices and bills is very important to claim ITC.


Calculating methods for claiming ITC

It’s not easy to have a sound calculation of ITC; therefore, a few methods are used. These are the following methods to calculate ITC:

  1. VAT method: Whatever sales tax is applied on the imported goods, ITC calculates a certain percentage over it. This calculation of a certain percentage of imported goods is called the Value Added Tax method.
  2. Input-output method: Any way through which the imported goods can be utilized in the production process such that the ITC amount can be calculated. This method is called the input-output method.

Also Read: What are the Requirements for claiming ITC on Imported goods?

Strategic ITC usage

There are some of the best uses of ITC to make things better. These are:

  1. Cash flow optimization: A good cash flow helps in various ways and is also beneficial when you maintain the cash flow through ITC usage. 
  2. Export competitiveness: Involving ITC in your imported goods and services helps maintain the sport’s competitiveness. It is also helpful in opening doors to new markets. 
  3. Business practices: Once you start using a robust ITC strategy, it will help you practice your business ethically and transparently. 

Place of supply rules

The place of supply plays a vital role in identifying when and where to pay the tax. It’s very important to have sound knowledge about the place of supply. It helps you dictate tax obligations and other benefits as well.

The duties and tax requirements are as follows:

  1. Sales tax: It occurs once you make use of the imported goods within your company and business. If the goods you have imported are used for making taxable supplies, you can claim ITC. 
  2. Import duty: The import duty is not eventually affected by the place of supply. It is applied at the borders, no matter where the goods are being landed. 
  3. Compliance requirements: Once you have a sound knowledge of the place of supply, it helps you identify the requirements.

Also Read: Understanding GST Invoicing for Goods: Place of Supply Rules

Tax implications of imports 

Taxation on imports is no new story, and any person who is into trading knows how important it is to abide by the rules set by the laws. Importing goods comes with certain challenges, and once these problems and challenges are addressed beforehand, the whole taxation process runs smoothly and can easily be traced.

Let’s learn in detail about the areas that need attention:

  1. Customs department: The customs department is all about checking the product that is being imported and getting it accepted and approved so that it can be sent to the destination place. You must abide by different duty taxes, valuation methods, and major duty taxes. This way, there are chances for fewer penalties, and the process runs fast. 
  2. Sales tax: This type of tax is applied to almost all types of imported goods. The difference is the standard rate or specific rate on certain items. The best way to lessen the tax burden is via valuation methods, registration methods, and sales tax exemptions. It’s easy to reduce the taxation burden and expedite the process by inculcating these factors. 
  3. Regulatory duty: In some situations, informed decisions help analyze the duties. The regulatory duty is generally applied when the purpose is sudden or is not stated, such as protecting domestic industries or generating revenue. 
  4. Others: Other duties are charged in the overall process, such as excise duty, anti-dumping duty, and income tax. It also depends a lot on what type of nature the product has. The duties and penalties are also charged as per the nature of the product. Hence, it’s better to identify the products at the start of the process. 

Compliance requirements for importers

Through understanding this section, importers will know how to comply with import rules and customs regulations.

While you excel at the art of trading, you shouldn’t always be concerned about success and coming out with fantastic deals to win the customers’ hearts; the real success is learning how to comply with taxation rules. Once you get hold of compliance, you are all set to avoid unnecessary penalties and enjoy a smooth process.

Let’s get to know the most important factors to keep in mind:

  1. Documentation: The foremost important documents that are needed in the process include a certificate of origin, packing list, import registration number, bill of lading, and bill of entry as well. 
  2. Record keeping: Keeping a record of importing for at least six years is recommended. Record of purchase orders, bill of entry, and bill of lading, including payroll, transportation invoices, documents related to customs clearance, and so on. Make sure every document submitted has all the right information in it. The potential auditors can have access to it. Come up with an automated procedure through which you can keep the data safe and run it smoothly as well. 
  3. Audit: The customs audit thoroughly checks the overall process to see if import declarations and duty payments are accurately made. It helps identify the validity of ITC and tax compliance in the overall procedure. If audits are planned, be prepared for any documentation and coordinate with the auditors so that their time can be saved and the process runs smoothly. 
  4. Penalties: If the rules of compliance aren’t followed as per the laws, importers have a chance of penalties and seizure of goods. Their import license can also be suspended or canceled. The clearance department may take more time than usual. This can negatively impact the importer’s business. If any misfortunes or unforeseen situations arise, contact a professional or hire an expert team


With the help of this document, the reader must grasp concepts, including how to minimize landed costs, how to cope with the complexities of compliance and with the right rules, and how to unlock new opportunities for one’s businesses.

Importing isn’t always about following rules and dealing with various compliance complexities, but once you unfold your business ideas into importing, another world of opportunities awaits you.

Importing can help you shape your economy in a better way. The whole process is time-consuming and requires patience, but once you get there, the profit multiplies. All it takes is following the correct rules and regulations, staying patient with the process, and diving in. 


Q1. What is input tax supply?

It is a transaction where a seller is denied the right to apply GST, and neither can claim the GST expenses on the supply. It is quite different from GST-free supply, where a seller can claim the GST applied to the input cost. Whereas in an input tax supply, for any taxable supplies, when the importation of any goods or services takes place by a vendor, they are supposed to pay value-added tax (VAT), which is nothing but the input tax on supply.

Q2. What is the meaning of ITC?

ITC stands for input tax credit. A business can reduce the tax on an output that needs to be paid by the amount that they have already paid for their input. This allows the business to lowdown its overall tax liability.

For instance, if you buy raw material at Rs 2,000 and sell a good for Rs 3000, you can claim an ITC of Rs 2000 and only pay Rs 1000, which will be your GST on the output.

Q3. What is the difference between input tax and input tax credit?

An input tax credit can be explained as a deduction made to the input tax. This deduction is made when the government receives the GST and a trader deducts the input tax. Similarly, when GST is paid at the time of purchase, that is called an input tax. 

Q4. Is input tax an asset?

Yes, it is considered an asset. When a business purchases products, this right to claim an input tax credit is regarded as an asset on its balance sheet if done in a shorter period. If it takes longer to recover, then it is called a non-current asset.

Q5. What are the types of input taxes?

Input tax has the following types:

  • Integrated tax (IGST)
  • Union territory tax 
  • Central tax
  • State tax

Q6. Which VAT is an asset?

Input tax credits can be given the name of a VAT, which is an asset. 

Q7. What is another name for input tax?

Another name for input tax is called value-added tax. It is applied when any good or service is purchased as a percentage. When purchasing goods from another dealer, a registered dealer pays a tax called input tax. 

Q8. What is a tax asset?

Any item sold on the company’s sheet that reduces the taxable income for the future is called a tax asset. This situation can be seen when companies or businesses overpay taxes. The paid amount of money is returned as a relief to the business that paid it. 

Q9. How do I claim import duty?

A certain application form needs to be submitted to claim import duty. The application form is supposed to be in duplicate. This detail is also mentioned in the customs refund application form. 

Q10. What is the time limit for ITC?

The time limit for ITC is 180 days from the day it was issued.

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Amitha Shet Content Writer
Amitha is a creative enthusiast, which gets her into educating the world about things she comprehends. Finance, business, and digital transformation are the topics that she is profoundly interested in so that she can make things simpler for the audience. She is currently a content strategist for a fintech company. She holds a Bachelor of Engineering in Civil Engineering, although finance is a niche that piques her interest to not just educate but to invest and gain experience.

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