How To Pay Your TDS Liability In GSTR-7 Part 2?

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Published Date:  27-12-2023   Author:   sriyalini-mathivanan
captainbiz how to pay your tds liability in gstr part

Tax deducted at source is a pivotal part of GST compliance for taxpayers who are required to deduct TDS on certain purchases. The TDS deposited must be reported in the GSTR-7 form, and any unpaid liability must be settled on time to avoid interest and penalties. This post discusses key procedures, strategies, compliance standards, and other aspects of paying your TDS dues accurately in GSTR-7 Part 2.

What Payment Procedures Are There For TDS Liability In GSTR-7 Part 2?

The GSTR-7 has to be filed monthly, and Part 2 requires you to report TDS payments made and any unpaid tax liability. The liability can be settled using cash or input tax credits through Form DRC-03. You must file amendments or revisions if any additional payment is made later. Ensure the right tax heads are used so inputs can be claimed properly. Keep records of references for all payments.

Methods Of Making TDS Payment:

Cash Payments:

  • TDS payments can be made in cash using the designated challans for TDS in GST
  • The challan can be generated on the GST portal before making the payment
  • Cash can be deposited with authorized banks to reflect the payment against the challan

Payment Using Input Tax Credit:

  • Taxpayers can employ input tax credits to do TDS payments
  • On the GST portal, Form DRC-03 has to be filled for this purpose
  • From the electronic credit ledger, the demand amount gets debited 

TDS Payment Schedule:

  • The government should get the deducted taxes. The money must be credited within 7 days after the month in which deductions were made.
  • For example, if taxes were deducted in November 2022, the payment deadline is December 7th, 2022.

Delayed Fees And Interest:

  • If you are late in paying TDS, you will be charged 18% interest each year.
  • You can only make the interest payment in cash.
  • To get the interest, calculate the days from the existing due date to the actual payment date 

Corrections And Changes:

  • If you need to pay more TDS after filing your monthly GSTR-7, you can do so through amendments.
  • The amendment should highlight the details and periods for which the additional payments are being made.

Maintaining References:

  • Maintain and keep proper references for all TDS payments.
  • Store the bank payment reference numbers and the portal references 

Accurate Reporting:

  • While filing GSTR-7, taxpayers have to report their TDS payments with relevant references
  • Any unpaid tax liability will also have to be reported, along with due interest
  • It ensures reconciliation with the supplier’s GSTR-2

Also Read: What Is Included In GSTR-7 Part 2?

Strategies For Timely And Accurate TDS Payments:

Timelines To Follow:

The GST law will tell clear timelines that must be followed to ensure compliance with TDS payment rules. As per legal provisions, TDS that has been deducted during a particular month has to be paid within 7 days from the end of that month. 

For instance, if TDS has been deducted in November 2022 by a taxpayer, then payment should be made before December 7, 2022. No delays are permitted within the prescribed schedule.

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Payment References:

Taxpayers must maintain proper references concerning TDS payments made by them. This includes bank payment reference numbers as well as portal references for payments done using input tax credit. 

If cash payments are made over the counter, then the counterfoil or receipt number should be saved for tracing later. Maintaining payment references will be pivotal for reconciliation.

Interest Liability:

Any payment made beyond the given timeline will attract interest. This interest will be calculated from the date following the original TDS payment due date until the date on which it has been paid. The prescribed interest rate is 18% per year. Proper computation of interest is important when payments are delayed.

Short Payment Consequences:

If there is a short payment of TDS beyond the permitted threshold, it invites penalties. As per Section 51 of the GST Act, if a short payment in a year exceeds Rs. 5,000 cumulatively, then a penalty of 10% of the shortfall amount is levied. Hence, taxpayers must ensure the full TDS collected is reported correctly and paid on time.

Annual Reconciliation:

An annual reconciliation has to be done between the amounts deducted as TDS during the year and the amounts paid and reported in GSTR-7 returns. Any discrepancies found during this reconciliation process must be paid immediately with applicable interest to prevent further consequences.

Also Read: How To Calculate The TDS Liability In GSTR-7 Part 2?

What Are The Compliance Standards For TDS Payment In GSTR-7 Part 2?

Regular Reconciliation of Purchases

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  • Maintain an up-to-date purchase register to capture supplier invoices promptly
  • Detect purchases attracting TDS for timely deduction and reporting

Plan and Schedule TDS Obligations

  • Prepare a monthly or quarterly calendar of due dates for TDS compliance
  • Plan periods when tax obligations may be higher for better cash flow management

Robust Verification Processes:

Verify Supplier Details

  • Check supplier registration status on the portal
  • Ensure validity of GSTIN shared on invoices

Confirm Rates Charged

  • Cross-verify if the correct GST rate has been charged
  • Check for rate changes to avoid short deduction of TDS

Rigorous Payment Controls:

Generate Error-Free Challans

  • Carefully enter details in challans before generating them
  • Confirm the latest updated bank details linked to GSTIN

Reconcile with Bank Entries

  • Match challan information with details in bank passbooks
  • Account for payments under the correct tax heads

Manage Additional Liability

  • For under-reported liability, pay the differential amount with interest
  • Revise original GSTR-7 through amendments for a clear audit trail

Stay Updated on Changes

  • Keep tabs on notifications relating to compliances
  • Save trade notices regarding TDS applicability rules

The strategies above will help avoid delays, reduce errors, and capture changes in TDS compliance requirements for accurate adherence.

What Are The Legal Considerations In Settling TDS Liabilities?

Consequences Of Delayed Payment:

The GST law has strict timelines for payment of collected TDS, which must be complied with to avoid penalties. As per Section 50 of the CGST Act, 2017, any delay in payment of TDS beyond the due date specified attracts interest liability at 18% per annum. This interest has to be paid via cash payments and is non-compounding. Hence, taxpayers must factor in the high-interest cost of non-compliance.

Procedures For Additional Liability:

If additional TDS liability is determined or demands are raised after the filing of returns, taxpayers have to discharge this liability via cash payments along with due interest. The entire process of accepting a tax demand and making payments is complex. It also requires the taxpayer to file an application requesting settlement of the determined liability. Hence, avoiding this situation is advisable.

Revisions To GSTR-7 Returns:

If taxpayers have made errors in reporting TDS deductions or payments, they can revise the GSTR-7 returns through amendments. These amendments help incorporate additional tax liability as well as interest or penalty payments, if any. Taxpayers must be careful when reporting correct amendments to avoid mismatches.

Penalty Relaxations During Assessments:

During GST assessments or audits, if a short payment is detected, authorities have the power to waive penalties if the taxpayer has paid taxes with interest. However, such discretionary powers will not always be implemented. Therefore, taxpayers must self-assess accurately rather than relying on departmental discretion to limit penalties.

Maintaining Audit Trails:

Taxpayers should attentively document TDS deductions, payments, interest calculations, and revisions for effortless retrieval during GST assessments or audits. Strong audit trails will help establish bona fide tax compliance and also permit speedy verification. It can favorably dispose of proceedings under the GST law related to TDS.

These are some pivotal legal considerations taxpayers must keep in mind for fulfilling TDS liabilities accurately as per GST law to avoid lengthy processes or harsh consequences.

How To Ensure Accuracy In TDS Transactions?

Regular Reconciliation of Input Data

  • Reconcile purchase registers frequently with supplier invoices
  • Identify any data gaps or mismatches between documents
  • Ensure timely capture of all invoices to avoid incorrect TDS calculations

Comprehensive Verification Of Rates:

Verify HSN/SAC Codes

  • Confirm if the supplier has used the right code to match the goods or services supplied
  • Cross-check codes with GST rate notifications

Validate Rates Applied

  • Check if the rate of tax charged matches the notified GST tax rate
  • Consider exemptions, concessions, or rate changes applicable

Review of Deduction Calculations

  • Verify arithmetic accuracy in arriving at TDS amounts
  • Validate calculations match with tax rates for given goods and services
  • Check for formulas and rate application errors

Analysis Of Reporting And Payments:

Compare Books and Returns

  • Tally TDS paid with amounts reported in monthly GSTR-7
  • Check for discrepancies between books and returns

Account-Wise Break-Up

  • Break-up TDS payments supplier-wise in books for tracking
  • Clarify unreconciled items, if any, through supplier follow-ups

Careful analysis of input data, tax rates, calculations, and reconciliations regularly ensures accuracy in TDS compliance. Appropriate checks and balances prevent errors and mismatches.

What Are The Maximizing Benefits Of Timely TDS Payments?

Interest Cost Savings:

Making timely payment of TDS within the scheduled due dates ensures that no interest liability arises or accrues. As per GST law, a high interest rate of 18% per annum applies to delays in TDS remittance. By paying well before due dates, taxpayers can avoid this high-interest cost on their tax liability.

Smoother Availability Of Input Tax Credits:

Compliant and timely payment of TDS ensures that the entire supply chain gains, as there will be no reversals or deficiencies in input tax credits for the suppliers. Many times, credits get denied or payments held up for suppliers if there are mismatches in TDS deductions or delays in payments reflecting. Timely payment prevents such scenarios, allowing a smooth flow of input credits.

Convenience In Operations:

Taxpayers can also avoid unnecessary litigation, appeals, and subsequent administrative hassles by ensuring TDS payments are done correctly and without delays. Often demands arise on account of interest or penalties due to a default in TDS payments, which leads to further appeals. Timely payment reduces avenues for dispute while allowing focus on core operations.

Thus, well-planned, accurately executed, and timely TDS payments hold substantial gains for the taxpayers and their supply chain in terms of interest cost savings, input tax credit streams, and the avoidance of operational hassles due to disputes.

Also Read: Filing frequency and due dates for GSTR-7

Frequently Asked Questions:

Q1. How do I generate a challan for TDS payments?
Taxpayers need to generate a challan in the form GST DRC-03 and make the payment through net banking, debit, or credit cards.

Q2. How do I generate a challan for paying TDS liabilities?

Deductors can generate a pre-filled challan in Form DRC-03 and make the payment through net banking or debit or credit cards.

Q3. What is the process involved in TDS acceptance or rejection?

Deductees can accept or reject the TDS details filed by the deductor in GSTR-7 through their GST portal account.

Q4. How do I file a revised GSTR-7 to correct errors?

Taxpayers need to file a fresh GSTR-7 by selecting the ‘File Revised Return’ option for the relevant tax period.

Q5. Can I claim a TDS refund in GSTR-7?

Yes, taxpayers can claim a TDS refund in the event of an excess payment while filing GSTR-7 for the relevant period.

Q6. How much is the interest rate for delayed payments of TDS?

Interest will be charged at 18% every year for every day of delay in payment of TDS, from the due date of payment until the date of actual payment.

Q7. What happens if TDS doesn’t get deducted?

If a deductor fails to deduct TDS, they will be liable to pay the tax along with interest. A penalty may also be imposed.

Q8. How can I file a revised GSTR-7 to correct errors?

Taxpayers need to file a fresh GSTR-7 by choosing the ‘File Revised Return’ option for the relevant tax period.

Q9. Is there a late fee for delayed TDS payments?

Yes! A late fee of Rs. 100 per day will be applicable for delayed TDS payments, subject to a maximum of 0.25% of the tax amount.

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Sriyalini Mathivanan

Sri Yalini YM is a qualified finance professional with expertise in GST compliance and financial matters, she bring comprehensive knowledge to provide expert insights.

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