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In advance supply payments under GST, the person receiving advance payment must issue a receipt voucher. From ensuring accurate record-keeping to promoting internal controls as well as tax compliance, these versatile documents are the silent guides of the financial conditions of an organisation.

The GST rate applicable to vouchers depends on the category of goods or services it falls into. Entities registered under GST must issue a receipt when advance payment is received from a customer.

The receipt vouchers are often overlooked, but they play an important part in maintaining financial order and transparency. This article talks about what a receipt voucher in GST is when a person needs to issue a voucher, the components of a receipt voucher, and other provisions about a receipt voucher.

What are Receipt Vouchers?

A registered individual may occasionally get paid in advance for any supplies of products and services. The individual who is receiving the advance payment must provide a receipt voucher attesting to the money’s receipt.

Receipt vouchers play an important role in documenting financial transactions. It allows verification of payments made for goods or services. To ensure transparency, it is necessary to pay attention to entering accurate details in the receipt voucher.

A receipt voucher holds importance, as it is a comprehensive record for the buyer and the seller in a transaction. It validates the payment and simplifies handling claims or returns. Specific regulations and tax requirements in countries like India govern the use of receipt vouchers. This emphasises their importance in maintaining compliance and financial transparency.

Also Read: A Complete Guide To Receipt Voucher Details For Clarity And Compliance

What is the Format of Receipt Vouchers?

The format of receipt vouchers, as per the CGST Rules, 2017, has the following details:

  • Name, address, and GSTIN of the supplier and the recipient
  • Serial number
  • Date of issuance
  • Description of the goods or services
  • Amount of advance taken
  • Rate of tax (central tax, state tax, integrated tax, union territory tax.)
  • Amount of tax charged for taxable goods or services (central tax, state tax, integrated tax, union territory tax.)
  • Place of supply, including the name of the State and its code, with inter-state trade or commerce
  • Indication of whether the tax is payable on a reverse charge basis
  • The signature or digital signature of the supplier or their authorised representative.

Also Read: A Comprehensive Guide To Receipt Vouchers: Everything You Need To Know

Legal Framework of GST on Receipt Vouchers

Legislation, rules, and regulations in the relevant jurisdiction set the legal foundation for GST on receipt vouchers. Some of the common legal issues on receipt vouchers are:

  1. GST Legislation

National or regional GST legislation serves as the main body of law governing GST. The scope of taxation, rates, exclusions, and administrative details about the issue and handling of receipt vouchers are all outlined in the GST laws of many countries.

  1. CGST/SGST or IGST Act

In India, the legal foundation for GST comprises the Central Goods and Services Tax (CGST) Act, the State Goods and Services Tax (SGST) Acts (or Union Territory GST Acts), and the Integrated Goods and Services Tax (IGST) Act. These give details of how taxes apply to different types of transactions.

  1. GST Rules

The GST rules offer detailed instructions on how to apply the GST requirements and implement the regulations. The Central Goods and Services Tax laws or State/Union Territory specific laws outline the format and procedural characteristics of receipt vouchers.

  1. Structure of Receipt Vouchers

Legal frameworks often include a standard structure for receipt vouchers. Details like supplier and receiver data, transaction specifics, tax rates, and other components are included in the format. Following this format is required by law.

  1. Tax Rates & Exemptions

The regulatory framework specifies the applicable GST rates for various commodities and services. Several things could be excluded or have a zero rate. The receipt voucher reflects the applicable tax rates based on the type of transaction.

  1. Compliance Requirements

The legislative framework specifies several requirements, like the keeping of records and the duration that companies are required to keep receipt vouchers. Failure to comply with these requirements results in penalties.

Importance of Correctly Issued Receipt Vouchers

Individuals and businesses can suffer because of inaccurate receipt vouchers under GST. This can result in several problems and issues:

  1. Tax Penalties

Providing incorrect information on the GST rate, taxable amount, or place of supply can lead to penalties by tax authorities. The penalty amount depends on the nature of the inaccuracy and the transaction’s value.

  1. Denial of Input Tax Credit

A receipt voucher with an incorrect GST rate doesn’t allow the business to claim input tax credit on the purchase. This can lead to an altered GST liability.

  1. Legal Disputes

Inaccurate vouchers give rise to disputes with customers or suppliers concerning GST payment or refund. Resolving such a dispute involves additional costs and legal proceedings.

  1. Reputational Damage

The issuance of inaccurate vouchers can tarnish a business’s reputation for not abiding by transparency and compliance with GST regulations.

  1. Overpayment of GST

When a receipt voucher incorrectly states a higher GST amount, individuals can end up paying more tax. Recovering the excess payment can be challenging.

  1. Difficulty in Claiming Refunds

Inaccurate vouchers can pose challenges when attempting to claim refunds for taxes paid on purchases. The inaccuracies may hinder the refund process and create complications in tax filings.

GST Collection Mechanism on Receipt Vouchers

The responsibility for GST collection is of the business issuing the receipt voucher. The GST rate applicable is determined by the nature of the supply and the place of supply. Maintaining accurate records of all issued vouchers and their redemption details is of utmost importance.

For complex transactions, it is advisable to refer to the latest GST regulations and seek guidance from tax professionals.

The GST collection mechanism on receipt vouchers depends on the purpose of the voucher and its use. In case of advance payment:

  • If a customer makes an advance payment for goods or services, the business issuing the receipt voucher is responsible for collecting the applicable GST on the entire received amount.
  • The receipt voucher must specify the GST rate (CGST, SGST/IGST) and the corresponding tax amount charged.
  • The business deposits the collected GST to the government along with their routine GST returns.
  • Issuing a GST invoice instead of a receipt voucher becomes mandatory for advance payments exceeding Rs. 50,000. This ensures that customers can avail of tax credits.

Certain programs may have different rules regarding GST on receipt vouchers. It is always good to refer to official sources for accurate information.

Also Read: What Is An Advance Receipt Voucher In GST?

How to Issue GST-Compliant Receipt Vouchers

Businesses must guarantee that they conform with tax legislation by issuing receipt vouchers. These must comply with GST. Here’s how to create receipt vouchers that comply with GST:

  • Recognise the GST Rules

Understand the GST laws and guidelines that apply to your area. These guidelines specify the details that must be included on a receipt voucher and add the correct steps for you to take.

  • Add the Required Data

The receipt voucher must have all the required information on it. This should include:

  • Supplier’s name
  • Address
  • Recipient’s name, address, and GSTIN (Unique Identity Number)
  • Date of issuance
  • Description of the goods or services
  • Amount of advance taken
  • Rate of tax, 
  • Authorised representative’s signature or digital signature.
  • Apply the Proper GST Rates

The receipt voucher must include the applicable GST rates (CGST, SGST/UTGST, IGST). The type of goods or services provided and the location of supply determine the appropriate rate.

  • Make a distinction between Intra-State and Inter-State

To establish the type of GST (CGST, SGST/UTGST, or IGST) that applies, specifying whether the transaction is an intra-state or inter-state supply.

  • Date of Publication

Making a note of the date of issue on the receipt voucher helps in monitoring transactions and ensuring that the deadlines for filing GST returns are met.

GST on Receipt Vouchers for Different Types of Businesses

The kind of business and the situation in which the voucher is used determine the application of different GST laws to various types of receipt vouchers.

  1. Retail Stores

  • Advance payments for products

GST applies to the total amount received when customers make advance payments for products. The store is required to issue a receipt voucher specifying the relevant GST rate (CGST, SGST/IGST).

  • Gift vouchers

Gift vouchers are not subject to GST, as they are considered money substitutes under the GST Act. However, it’s advisable to review any program guidelines or exceptions that may apply.

  1. Service Providers

  • Advance payments for services

Like retail stores, GST is applicable to advance payments for services. Service providers need to issue a receipt voucher indicating the appropriate GST rate.

  • Membership vouchers

Whether GST applies to membership vouchers depends on the nature of the service (e.g., gym memberships or spa packages) and the pricing structure. It is advised to seek advice from a tax professional.

  1. Restaurants and Catering Services

  • Meal coupons or prepaid vouchers

Categorised as money, meal coupons, or prepaid vouchers are usually not subject to GST. However, the voucher might be subject to GST if it is tied to a specific menu or package at a fixed price.

  • Advance payments for catering events

If customers make advance payments for catering events, GST applies to the entire amount received. Caterers must issue a proper receipt voucher with the relevant GST rate.

  1. Online Businesses

  • E-commerce platforms

Similar to retail stores, GST rules for advance payments on product purchases apply to e-commerce platforms.

  •  Digital subscriptions

The applicability of GST on digital subscriptions (e.g., streaming platforms or software) depends on the specific service provided. It is essential to assess the nature of the service for potential GST implications.


Keeping pace with the constantly changing GST legislation about receipt vouchers is beneficial for people and organisations. Receipt vouchers are not just bills but important documents under the GST layout. Recognising their significance and applying appropriate GST treatment ensures smooth financial operations and compliance with regulations.

Receipt vouchers ensure transparency in financial transactions for internal controls and external regulations. Abiding by GST regulations on vouchers helps to avoid penalties and legal issues.

Understanding the application of GST on receipt vouchers empowers businesses and individuals to make informed financial decisions.

As a documentation tool, the receipt voucher establishes a transparent record of payments. It also plays a primary role in understanding the economic framework of countries like India, with specific GST guidelines.

Frequently Asked Questions 

  • What is the function of a receipt voucher?

The receipt voucher is an official document that a business issues to formally recognise receiving payment for products or services. It is important for transaction records and gives vital information for precise accounting. It is a useful tool in GST compliance, audit checks and record keeping.

  • Can a receipt voucher be used as a gift certificate?

Even though some receipt vouchers can be used as gift certificates, it’s important to check with the firm that issued them. Not every voucher can be used for this. Therefore, making sure in advance guarantees proper usage and avoids any inconvenience.

  • Are electronic receipt vouchers acceptable?

Businesses can generate receipt vouchers in electronic form. These electronic formats may include PDF documents or receipts sent via email. Adopting electronic vouchers offers various advantages, such as convenience, less storage requirement, and environmental considerations. Nevertheless, it is essential to ensure that electronic vouchers comply with the same information standards as traditional paper vouchers.

  • Is it important to retain receipt vouchers?

Yes, businesses need to retain receipt vouchers. The details contained in receipt vouchers may be required for tax-related purposes. The duration for which these vouchers need to be kept depends on the regulations of the specific country and the policies of the company. Adhering to the relevant guidelines ensures compliance and facilitates efficient record-keeping.

  • Is it important to send out tax invoices with GST for receipt vouchers?

No, by GST laws, a receipt voucher is not a legitimate tax invoice. When the products or services are delivered, you must provide a correct tax invoice if you charge GST on forward payments.

  • What is the purpose of having all the receipt voucher details?

All the necessary information is present on a receipt voucher, which is important to ensure accuracy. It promotes a transparent audit trail that tracks transactions and prevents fraud.

The voucher acts as a proof of purchase, essential for fulfilling tax obligations.

  • How should receipt vouchers be filed by businesses?

Receipt vouchers must be safely stored and arranged chronologically. This procedure guarantees compliance with record-keeping requirements.

  • What information is generally needed on a receipt voucher?

A receipt voucher needs to encompass details for documentation. Although the specific requirements for GST receipt vouchers may differ across companies, the following details are commonly present:

  • Date
  • Serial Number
  • Company Name and Address
  • Supplier Name and Address
  • Description of Goods or Services
  • Quantity
  • Unit Price
  • Total Amount
  • Payment Method
  • Authorised Signature
  • Why is it important to write the transaction date on a receipt voucher?

The transaction date is important because it makes it possible to follow payment reception timings in an organised manner. This is essential for accounting and keeping correct records.

  • What is the result of improper maintenance of receipt vouchers?

Neglecting to maintain appropriate receipt vouchers may have serious repercussions. These could include difficulty with account reconciliation, problems with compliance, and obstacles with financial reporting. To guarantee financial integrity and openness, attention must be paid to the GST receipt voucher criteria.

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Rinkle Dudhani Intern
Meet Rinkle Dudhani, a diligent law student on the path to earning a BBA LLB degree in June 2024. Armed with a solid academic background in company law, taxation laws, and finance fundamentals, Rinkle possesses a deep understanding of legal and financial concepts. As a seasoned content writer with over 3 years of experience, she has collaborated with prominent brands and consistently delivered high-quality content with a focus on thorough research.

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