Which is Better: Old vs. New Tax Regime?

Introduction Every year, taxpayers await the budget announcement with excitement, expecting changes in the income tax slabs. This year, 2024, the finance minister announced that there will be no changes…


Sale on Approval Basis under GST

GST significantly transformed the indirect tax system in India, absorbing multiple state and central indirect taxes and eliminating the cascading effect of taxes on consumers. It helped business owners and…

Read more about the article How Do I Get A GSTR-1 Summary?

How Do I Get A GSTR-1 Summary?

The introduction of GST is a major step in the transformation of the indirect tax system in India. It mitigated the cascading effects of taxes and lessened the tax burden…


Amendments and Revisions in GSTR-10

GST transformed India’s indirect tax system by subserving various central and state taxes into a common tax levied across the entire country and fulfilling the long-cherished vision of ‘one nation, one tax of the government. It eliminated the cascading effect of taxes, created a common market with the abolition of state barriers, reduced compliance costs, controlled tax evasion, and brought uniformity in taxation, resulting in unprecedented growth in the economy of our country.

Constant improvements were made to the GST system to increase efficiency and bring transparency to the indirect tax system through many amendments and revisions. Filing the periodic returns as specified under law is an important part of the compliance process in GST. It is mandatory for businesses that opt out of the GST system to file a final return in Form GSTR-10.

Essentials of GSTR-10

It is the final return that taxpayers who have opted for the cancellation of their GST registration must file. It must be filed within three months from the date of cancellation or the date of the order of cancellation, whichever is later. The final return is a declaration of the closing stock and the liabilities and credits associated with it. Non-filing of the return can result in penalties and other consequences. All the periodic returns, like GSTR-3B and GSTR-1, are required to be filed up to the date of cancellation before filing Form GSTR-10. Both online and offline facilities are provided by GSTN on the common portal for filing the return.

Also Read: Introduction to GSTR-10 (Final Return)



TCS certificates and TCS credit in GSTR-8

Tax collected at source, or TCS, is an important component of the indirect tax system in India. It is intended to ensure that the transactions done through the e-commerce portal are accounted for and taxes are collected at the point of transaction. So that the government could ensure compliance and check tax evasion.

As per GST law, Section 52, CGST, 2017, any person who owns, operates, or manages a digital or electronic facility or platform for electronic commerce is called an e-commerce operator. Example: Amazon, Flipkart, Paytm, etc. These e-commerce companies are required to comply with the GST TCS provisions. GST registration is mandatory for e-commerce operators, irrespective of their aggregate turnover.

TCS is applicable to the net value of the goods or services supplied through the e-commerce portal. The e-commerce operator must remit the TCS collected to the government and file the return GSTR-8 by the 10th of the following month. After the return is filed and processed, credit is provided to the supplier in the electronic cash ledger. Here we discuss in detail the TCS credit in GSTR-8 and TCS certificates.

Also Read: Understanding The Provisions Of TCS (Tax Collection At Source) Under GSTR-8

Applicability And Registration Requirements For GSTR-8

TCS Compliance under GST

TCS compliance under GST comprises the following:

  • Registration: It is mandatory for e-commerce operators to register under GST and obtain a tax deduction and collection account number.
  • Collection of Tax: Collect tax at the prescribed rate from the supplier at the time of payment to the supplier for the goods or services sold.
  • Payment of Tax: The e-commerce operator has to remit the tax collected at source within the specified due date.
  • File return in form GSTR-8: The e-commerce operator has to file the monthly return in form GSTR-8, containing the details of the supplies and the tax collected and deposited.
  • TCS Certificate: The e-commerce operator must issue a TCS certificate to the supplier, mentioning the TCS amount collected.
  • Maintaining a proper record of all transactions as required under Section 35 of the CGST Act and of all the tax collections and returns filed

When is TCS not applicable?

TCS is not applicable in the following cases:

  • When the supply is not affected by an e-commerce operator
  • Exempted supplies affected by an e-commerce operator
  • Activities specified under Schedule III of the Act shall be treated neither as a supply of goods nor as a supply of services.

Read More in detail: Applicability And Registration Requirements For GSTR-8

Calculation And Payment Of TCS Liability In GSTR-8



GSTR-9: Filing Frequency, Penalties and Due Dates

The goods and services tax (GST) has transformed the indirect tax system in India by replacing multiple taxes with a single, unified tax. It brought transparency and efficiency to the tax regime with its own set of rules and regulations. Filing returns as specified is an important component of compliance under GST. GSTR-9 is one such return. It is an important return as it helps the government monitor the compliance of taxpayers. For taxpayers, it helps in maintaining accurate records of their GST transactions and also ensures compliance. Here we discuss the filing frequency and due dates for GSTR-9.

What is GSTR-9 annual return?

GSTR-9 is an annual return that has to be filed by all taxpayers registered under the goods and services tax regime in India. It is a summarized return that contains consolidated details of all the returns filed under GST by a tax payer during a financial year.

Who should file the GSTR-9 return?

All taxpayers registered under GST are required to file GSTR-9. But the following persons are exempt from filing this return:

  1. Taxpayers who have opted for the composition scheme
  2. Casual taxable persons
  3. Input service distributors
  4. Non-resident taxable persons
  5. Persons paying TDS or TCS under Section 51 of the CGST Act

Due Date for filing GSTR-9

Rule 80 of the CGST Rules specifies that every registered taxpayer is liable to file the GSTR-9 annual return on or before the 31st of December of the next financial year. Non-filing and late filing of the return can result in late fees, interest, and other penalties.

Penalties for late filing of GSTR-9

As per Section 47(2) of the CGST Act, 2017, any registered person who fails to furnish the annual returns within the due date is liable to pay a late fee of Rs. 200/- (CGST-Rs. 100/- and SGST-Rs. 100/-) per day. There is no late fee for IGST. Therefore, it is crucial for taxpayers to file their returns by the due date to avoid penalties and ensure compliance.

Pre-requisites for filing GSTR-9

Taxpayers must ensure timely submission of GSTR-1, GSTR-3B, or GSTR-4 returns as per the classification of the taxpayer. It is also important for the taxpayer to clear any outstanding dues; otherwise, the taxpayer will not be able to file the GSTR-9.

Structure of GSTR-9

The return is divided into six parts, containing altogether 19 tables with consolidated information about the inward and outward supplies, the applicable GST rate, the tax applicable, and the amount paid on the supplies.

Part I Basic details: This part comprises the basic details of the taxpayer, like the financial year, GSTIN, legal name, and trade name.
Part II

Details of outward and inward supplies: This part consists of details of advances and inward and outward supplies made during the financial year on which tax is payable in Table 4.

Table 5 consists of details of advances and inward and outward supplies made during the financial year on which tax is not payable.

Part III Details of ITC for the financial year
Table 6 consists of details of ITC availed during the financial year.
Table 7 consists of details of ITC reversed and ineligible ITC for the financial year.
Table 8: Other ITC-related information
Part IV Details of tax paid as declared in returns filed during the financial year: Table 9 consists of details of tax paid as declared in the returns filed during the financial year.

Part V

Particulars of the transactions related to the previous financial year that have been amended during April to September of the next financial year or up to the date of filing the annual return, that is, December 31st, whichever is earlier

Table 10 consists of supplies, tax declared through amendments, plus the net of debit notes.

Table 11 consists of supplies, tax reduced through amendments, less the net of credit notes.

Table 12 consists of the reversal of ITC availed during the previous financial year.

Table 13 consists of ITC availed for the previous financial year. Table 14: Differential tax paid on account of the declaration in table 10 and

Table 14 consists of differential tax paid on account of the declarations in tables 10 and 11 above.

Part VI

Other Information: This part consists of the following tables:

Table 15 consists of particulars of demands and refunds.

Table 16 consists of information on supplies received from composition taxpayers, deemed supplies under Section 143, and goods sent on an approval basis.

Table 17 consists of an HSN-wise summary of outward supplies.

Table 18 consists of a HSN-wise summary of inward supplies.

At the end of the return, the taxpayer has the option to pay any additional liability declared in this form. This can be done through Form DRC-03. The taxpayer has to select the annual return in the drop-down provided in Form DRC-03.

Steps to file GSTR-9

The taxpayer has to follow these steps to file GSTRS-9 online in the GST portal:

Step 1:Navigate to the GST portal at https://www.gst.gov.in/ and login with valid credentials.

CaptainBiz: gst_portal

Step 2: Go to Service>Returns>Annual Returns

Step 3: Select the relevant financial year and click on prepare online

CaptainBiz: Annual Return

Step 4: Answer the question of whether to file a NIL return. For a regular return, data from GSTR-1 and GSTR-3B is auto-populated in the GSTR-9 form. Click ‘Next’

Step 5: Then the ‘Annual returns for normal taxpayers’ page is displayed.

Step 6: Fill in the required details in each section. The summary of the details in excel or pdf format can be viewed by clicking the ‘Preview’ option.
Preview Online

Step 7: Proceed to ‘Compute liabilities’ and the ‘late fee payable and paid’ will appear. Along with it, the available cash balance will be shown in the ‘Electronic Cash Ledger’.

If the cash balance is less than the tax liability, the details will be shown in the ‘cash required’ section.

Step 8: Click on the ‘create challan’ button. The challan will be auto-populated.

Step 9: After selecting the payment method, click on ‘generate challan’.

Step 10: Click on ‘preview draft GSTR-9 (pdf)’ and download the form.
Preview Draft

Step 11: After checking the declaration box and authorized signatory, click on the ‘File GSTR-9’ button.

How to check the status of GSTR-9

To check the status of GSTR-9, the taxpayer has to go through the following steps:

1. Login to the GST portal

  1. Go to ‘services>returns>track return status
  2. Enter the return filing period and the ARN, and the status of the GSTR-9 is shown.