42nd GST Council Meeting Highlights, Updates, Outcome, and More

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Published Date:  01-12-2023   Updated on:  01-12-2323    Author:   moulik-jain
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The 42nd GST Council meeting was conducted virtually on October 5, 2020, with Smt. Nirmala Sitharaman, the Finance Minister, serving as chairperson. Along with senior officials from the Ministry of Finance and States/UTs, Union Minister of State for Finance and Corporate Affairs Shri Anurag Thakur also attended the meeting. Let’s examine the findings of the 42nd GST Council Meeting. 

Updates from 42nd GST Council Meeting

10:30 AM The GST Council Meeting shall be commencing at 11 AM today.
11:20 AM Union Finance Minister, Smt. Nirmala Sitharaman started the 42nd GST Council Meeting via a video conference.
12:10 PM The GST Council made the decision to extend the validity of the GST compensation cess charge past June 2022, or five years. Periodically, the timing for the extension will be examined and determined.
12: 30 PM States are giving their opinions on the borrowing choices that the Center has presented. A parliamentary debate has been demanded by Chattisgarh on the matter of GST compensation and is against borrowing money.
12:40 PM In addition to rejecting the concept, the Center claims that the GST Council and the Indian Constitution are violated by the establishment of a GST Dispute Settlement Authority. The Council adds that the then-Parliament Standing Committee rejected a similar request to establish a GST Dispute Settlement Authority that was made in 2011.
1:10 PM Additionally, West Bengal and Rajasthan wanted central borrowing and disapproved of the state borrowing option. Few states expressed a unanimous preference for Option 1.
1:25 PM The GST Council decided to increase Option 1’s borrowing cap to Rs 1.10 lakh crore given a growth rate of 7%. Prior to this, the Council had suggested borrowing Rs 97,000 crore under Option 1 on the assumption of a 10% increase in revenue.
2:20 PM A virtual media briefing will be conducted at 5:45 PM today by the Union Finance Minister, Smt. Nirmala Sitharaman, regarding the results of the 42nd GST Council Meeting.
3:00 PM The collection of GST compensation cess will take place as long as the interest and principal amounts of the issued loan to cover the gap is entirely paid. 
4:40 PM The proposal to lower the GST rates from 18% to 12% on ayurvedic hand sanitizers is rejected by the GST Council.
5:50 PM A delay happened in the press briefing, reason being the Council meeting was still going on. The briefing is likely to happen as soon as the meeting concludes.
6:10 PM GST offered GST exemption on satellite launch services provided by Antrix, ISRO, and New Space India Limited.
7:10 PM The matter of borrowing to cover the gap in compensation cess is not resolved by the Council, despite a nearly eight-hour discussion. The council will reconvene on October 12, 2020.
7:15 PM The GST Council session comes to an end. The finance minister addressed the press.

Expectations from the 42nd GST Council Meeting 

At the 42nd GST Council meeting, the much-anticipated GST compensation cess solution was expected to be revealed. In order to finalize one of the two options presented by the Central Government regarding the GST compensation cess, it was decided at the 41st GST Council Meeting that there would be another brief Council meeting.

Following the conclusion of the 41st GST Council meeting, the states were initially given a mere seven working days to assess both options and submit a final recommendation to the Council. However, the Council meeting has been rescheduled by the Center for October 5, 2020, for a variety of reasons.

What Were the Key Agendas of the 42nd GST Council Meeting?

The 42nd GST Council meeting was quite significant for GST regulation laws, here are the key agendas of the meeting: 

  1. TRAN-1/ TRAN-2 Declaration

Timelines for TRAN-1/TRAN-2 declarations based on the discussions at the IT Grievance Redressal Committee’s 13th meeting, which was held on September 1, 2020. 

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  1. Update on REAP

Return Enhancement and Advancement Project (REAP) update and in-principle architecture approval. 

  1. Suggestions from the Law Committee

  • Extending the GSTR-1/3B return filing system and altering the quarterly taxpayers’ deadline upon the launch of the new GSTR-2B features.
  • Concerns about the 2019–20 Financial Year Annual Return.
  • Actions made to enhance taxpayer compliance so that GSTR-1 filing is required prior to GSTR-3B filing.
  • Modifications to Notification 12/2017-Central Tax, dated June 28, 2017, and Form GSTR-1 in order to improve data quality and improve tax administration.
  • Agenda note about the refund to be paid to the same bank account linked to Aadhaar and PAN where registration under GST has been obtained.
  • CGST Rules, 2017 Amendment Proposal. 
  • Statute of limitations for instituting legal action or gaining recognition under the GST.
  1. Fitment Committee Recommendations 

Agenda Note on the representation from HADMA requesting a 12% GST rate on sanitizers based on Ayurveda, Unani, and Siddha (AUS) ingredients. 

  1. Product and Service Tax Network (GSTN) Concerns

  • The status of receiving Advance User Charges (AUC) from CBIC and the states.
  • Resources must be transferred from the CR model to the T&M model due to significant developments.
  • A status report on the transition of the Goods and Services Tax Network (GSTN) to a company that is entirely owned by the government.
  1. Tax Cess

An agenda item regarding cessation after the transition period was discussed in the meeting. 

  1. GST Compensation 

Various factors were identified for GST Compensation and working against shortfall. 

  1. Revenue Option

A close review was suggested for the multiple revenue models as per their efficiency in the 42nd GST Council meeting.  

  1. Addition of UPI for GST Payment

Allowing the payment methods of IMPS and UPI for the payment of goods and services tax. 

  1. Report on States/UT

Status report on States/UTs and GRC Zone-wise (CBIC) creation as of April 9, 2020. 

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  1. First-quarter NAA Performance Report 

A detailed discussion took place over the first quarter performance report released by NAA(National Anti-Profiteering). 

Highlights of the 42nd GST Council Meeting

The 42nd meeting of the GST Council covers a number of topics, including the urgent compensation cess issue, ease of filing returns, and lowering the GST rate. The highlights of the 42nd GST Council meeting are listed below.

  1. Compensation Cess Levy Extension

The Levy of Compensation Cess will be extended beyond the five-year transition period, or beyond June 2022, for as long as may be necessary to close the revenue gap, it was decided at the 42nd GST Council meeting with the consent of all the members. 

  1. GSTR 1 and GSTR 3B for Taxpayers with Less Than ₹5 Crores in Revenue

The 42nd GST Council meeting resolved to move the deadline for quarterly taxpayers to submit their GSTR-1 reports to the 13th of the month that follows the quarter, with effect from January 1, 2021.

Taxpayers with annual revenue of less than Rs 5 crore will not have to file GSTR-1 and GSTR-3B returns on a monthly basis as of January 1, 2021. Rather, they were to be carried out every three months.

Nevertheless, during the first two months of the quarter, these quarterly taxpayers would have the choice to use an auto-generated challan to pay 35% of the net cash tax liability from the prior quarter.

  1. Road Map for GSTR-3B to be Automatically Generated from GSTR-1 

The future roadmap for return filing under GST has been approved by the Council in an effort to further improve the compliance experience and ease of doing business.

A plan has been developed for the automatic generation of GSTR-3B, in which the tax liability and the input tax credit will be automatically derived from the business’s GSTR-1 and the supplier’s GSTR-1, respectively. But in order to do this, starting on April 1, 2021, it would be mandatory to file the GSTR-1 before the GSTR-3B.

In this sense, the approved framework seeks to further lessen the taxpayer’s compliance burden by streamlining the return filing process.

The current GST laws were to be changed to make the GSTR-1 and GSTR 3B return filing system the default return filing system and the GSTR-1/3B return filing system will be extended until March 31, 2021. 

  1. HSN and SAC Declaration Requirements for Goods and Services

HSN codes up to six digits must be specified for goods and SAC codes for services in invoices and in FORM GSTR-1, effective April 1, 2021, for taxpayers with turnover exceeding ₹5 crores.

HSN codes up to four digits must be stated for B2B supplies of both goods and services if the turnover is less than Rs 5 crore.

Eight digits must be mentioned for notified classes of goods and services. 

  1. Changes to the CGST Regulations

All taxpayers were to continue to use a straightforward challan to pay their monthly GST dues.

The filing of a NIL CMP-08 via SMS was permitted.

Refund to be paid or disbursed on January 1, 2021, to a verified bank account associated with the registrant’s PAN and Aadhaar.

Refund applications could now use the Aadhaar authentication feature (with an OTP). Taxpayers were cautioned from misusing the system as a result.

The satellite launch services provided by ISRO, Antrix Corporation Ltd., and NSIL would be exempt in order to promote domestic satellite launches, especially by young start-ups.

Also Read:

GSTR 1 Details: Everything You Need To Know

A Comprehensive Guide: How To File GSTR-3B With Accuracy

Result of 42nd GST Council Meeting 

The following is the result of the 42nd GST Council meeting, which took place on October 5, 2020:

  1. Compensation Cess 

As declared at the 42nd GST Council meeting, the compensation cess will be levied for an additional five years.

Because borrowing money would raise the yield on G-sec bonds, the center won’t be able to pay the compensation cess shortfall.

By October 5, 2020, the states will receive the Rs. 20,000 crore in compensation cess that has been collected thus far.

By the end of the following week, certain states will also receive payments totaling Rs. 25,000 crore towards the IGST of 2017–18.

  1. G-Sec Deals

The Finance Minister clarified that the G-Sec deals, which serve as a benchmark for all other borrowing, will increase if the Center borrows more than it has budgeted for. States’ and the private sector’s borrowing costs will rise as a result.

  1. Ease in Return Filing 

Small taxpayers with a yearly revenue of less than Rs 5 crore were to be able to file GSTR-3B and GSTR-1 on a quarterly basis as of January 1, 2021. Effective from January 1, 2021, the 13th of the month following the quarter is when quarterly GSTR-1 filings are due. Taxpayers may, however, upload invoices on a monthly basis. As a result, there are now only 8 returns instead of 24.

  1. Auto-Generated Challan 

Quarterly taxpayers would be able to use an auto-generated challan to pay 35 percent of the net cash tax liability from the previous quarter.

Every taxpayer could still use a straightforward challan to pay their monthly GST obligations. It will be possible to file a nil CMP-08 via SMS.

  1. Automatic Generation of GSTR-3B

A plan was developed for the automatic generation of GSTR-3B, in which the tax liability and the input tax credit were to be automatically derived from the business’s GSTR-1 and the supplier’s GSTR-1, respectively. In order to accomplish this, starting on April 1, 2021, it would be mandatory to file the GSTR-1 before the GSTR-3B.

  1. HSN Codes

Beginning on April 1, 2021, taxpayers whose annual revenue exceeds Rs 5 crore were required to provide their six-digit HSN code.

HSN codes up to four digits must be stated for B2B supplies of both goods and services if the turnover is less than Rs 5 crore. Eight digits must be mentioned for notified classes of goods and services.

  1. Refunds

Refunds will be deposited into bank accounts that have been linked to Aadhaar and PAN. The OTP-based Aadhaar authentication feature was now accepted for refund requests. This deters taxpayers.

  1. GST Exemption to Satellite Launch Services

To promote space launching services in India, ISRO, Antrix Corporation, and New Space India Limited (NSIL) granted a GST exemption to satellite launch services.

Sanitizers without alcohol content would still be subject to an 18% GST rate.

Also Read: 41st GST Council Meeting Highlights, Updates, Outcome and More

Conclusion

There were two options presented to the states to meet the gap created by the compensation cess. While some states favored both the presented options, others denied both. The meeting was supposed to conclude with a solution agreed upon by all the states or a vote would enable the final decision-making.

More Information

You can get further details on the 42nd GST Council Meeting on sites like https://gstcouncil.gov.in/42nd-gst-council-meeting and Press_Release_42_GSTC.pdf (cbic-gst.gov.in)

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Moulik Jain
I am a seasoned marketer specializing in Tax, Finance, and MSMEs who brings a wealth of hands-on experience to demystify complex subjects, providing insightful guidance for entrepreneurs and finance enthusiasts alike.

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