The obligations of a casual taxpayer under GST

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Published Date:  12-01-2024   Author:   amrit-jadhav
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GST, or Goods and Services Tax, is a consumption-based tax system implemented in many countries around the world. Under GST, various taxpayers are required to register, report, and pay taxes based on their turnover and business activities. One category of taxpayers is known as “casual taxpayers.” These are individuals or businesses that do not have a regular or continuous business presence but occasionally engage in taxable activities. Understanding the obligations of casual taxpayers is crucial to ensure compliance with GST regulations and avoid penalties. In this article, we will explore the key obligations that casual taxpayers must fulfill, including registration requirements, tax record-keeping, reporting and payment of GST, claiming input tax credits, issuing tax invoices, and the consequences of non-compliance.

What is GST?

Goods and Services Tax, commonly known as GST, is a consumption-based tax that is levied on the supply of goods and services in most countries around the world. It is designed to replace multiple indirect taxes and create a unified tax system. In simple terms, it means that whenever you purchase goods or services, you are likely to pay GST on them.

Understanding Casual Taxpayers

When we talk about casual taxpayers, we are referring to individuals or businesses that do not conduct regular business activities but occasionally make supplies of goods and services. It could be someone selling handmade crafts at a weekend market or a person renting out their spare room on Airbnb. As a casual taxpayer, you are still obliged to comply with the GST regulations, but the requirements are slightly different from those applicable to regular businesses.

Also Read: Understanding the Role of a Casual Taxable Person under GST

Thresholds for Casual Taxpayers

Determining if you qualify as a Casual Taxpayer

To determine if you fall under the category of a casual taxpayer, you need to assess the nature and frequency of your business activities. If your supplies are infrequent or irregular, you are likely to be considered a casual taxpayer. However, if you are regularly making sales or providing services, you may need to register as a regular taxpayer.

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GST Turnover Thresholds

As a casual taxpayer, you need to keep an eye on your GST turnover. If your annual turnover (the total value of goods and services you supply) exceeds the GST threshold set by your country’s tax authority, you will be required to register for GST. It’s important to stay updated on the current threshold to ensure compliance with the law.

Registration Process for Casual Taxpayers

Step-by-step Guide to Registering as a Casual Taxpayer

Registering as a casual taxpayer may sound intimidating, but it’s actually a straightforward process. Start by visiting your country’s tax authority website or reaching out to their customer service for guidance. It typically involves filling out an application form and providing necessary information about your business activities. Remember to keep all your documents handy during the registration process.

Documents and Information Required for Registration

When registering as a casual taxpayer, you will need to provide important details such as your personal identification, contact information, and business activity specifics. Additionally, you might be asked to submit supporting documents related to your business, such as invoices or receipts. Double-check the requirements beforehand to ensure a smooth registration process.

Also Read: Simplified Process for Casual Taxpayer Registration: A Step-by-Step Guide

Obligations for Casual Taxpayers regarding Tax Records

Maintaining Accurate and Complete Records

As a casual taxpayer, it is crucial to maintain accurate and complete records of your business activities. This includes keeping track of your sales and purchases, GST collected, GST paid on expenses, and any other relevant financial information. Good record-keeping not only ensures you meet your tax obligations but also helps in managing your business effectively.

Record-keeping Period for Casual Taxpayers

Casual taxpayers should retain their tax records for a specific period, which may vary depending on the country’s tax laws. It is advisable to consult the tax authority or seek professional advice to determine the exact record-keeping period. By doing so, you will be well-prepared in case of any tax audits or inquiries.

Remember, being a casual taxpayer does not mean you can take a casual approach to your tax obligations. Stay informed, keep accurate records, and reach out for assistance when needed. 

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Reporting and Payment of GST by Casual Taxpayers

Being a casual taxpayer under the Goods and Services Tax (GST) system may sound like a breeze, but it still comes with certain obligations. One of these obligations is the reporting and payment of GST. Here’s what you need to know:

Applicable GST Reporting Periods for Casual Taxpayers

Casual taxpayers have the luxury of reporting their GST obligations on a quarterly basis. This means you only need to file your GST returns once every three months. It’s like having a tax deadline that’s just a little further away, giving you some extra breathing room.

Filing GST Returns as a Casual Taxpayer

Filing your GST returns as a casual taxpayer is done electronically via the GST portal. It’s a simple and convenient process that allows you to report your GST liabilities and claim any input tax credits you’re entitled to. Just make sure to accurately report your sales and purchases during the reporting period.

Payment of GST Liability

When it comes to paying your GST liability, the due date is the same as the filing deadline. So, you have until the due date to settle your GST bill. Remember, timely payment is crucial to avoid any penalties or interest charges. It’s like paying your dinner bill before the waiter starts giving you disappointed looks.

Claiming Input Tax Credits as a Casual Taxpayer

Input tax credits can be a saving grace for casual taxpayers. Here’s what you need to know about claiming them:

Eligibility Criteria for Input Tax Credit

To be eligible for input tax credits, you must have valid tax invoices for your purchases. So, make sure to ask for those invoices when you’re out and about shopping for your business needs. Keep track of them because they’re like precious golden tickets to tax savings.

Process of Claiming Input Tax Credits

Claiming input tax credits is as easy as 1-2-3. All you have to do is include the details of your eligible purchases in your GST return. Make sure the information is accurate and complete, and voila! You can reduce your GST liability by the amount of input tax credits you’re claiming. It’s like getting a discount on your tax bill for being a savvy shopper.

Obligations for Issuing Tax Invoices as a Casual Taxpayer

Issuing tax invoices may sound like a hassle, but it’s an essential obligation for casual taxpayers. Here’s what you need to know:

Importance and Requirements of Tax Invoices

Tax invoices are not just pieces of paper with numbers on them. They serve as proof of your business transactions and allow your customers to claim their own input tax credits. So, issuing proper tax invoices is crucial for the smooth operation of your business and keeping the taxman happy.

Format and Content of Tax Invoices

When it comes to tax invoices, there are some specific requirements you need to meet. They must include important details, such as your business name, address, GST registration number, invoice number, and the GST amount payable. So, make sure your tax invoices are not just informative but also aesthetically pleasing. It’s like creating an invoice that’s both useful and Instagram-worthy.

Also Read: The Importance of Using a Consistent Format for Tax Invoices

Penalties and Consequences for Non-compliance by Casual Taxpayers

Penalties for Different Offenses:

Offense Description Penalty
Non-registration or Late Registration Failing to register or registering after the required date. Minimum penalty of INR 10,000, up to INR 50,000 in certain cases.
Non-filing of Returns Not filing GSTR-1 or GSTR-3B returns on time. Late fee of INR 100 per day per Act (CGST & SGST), maximum capped at INR 5,000 per return.
Non-payment of Tax Failing to pay the assessed GST liability on time. 10% of the tax due, subject to a minimum of INR 10,000.
Non-issuance or Incorrect Issuance of Invoice Not issuing invoices or issuing them with incorrect details. Up to 1% of the turnover in the tax period.
E-Way Bill Offenses Failing to generate or comply with e-way bill requirements. Penalties ranging from INR 500 to INR 5,000 for various offenses.
Other Offenses Any other violation of GST provisions not covered above. Penalties as prescribed under the CGST Act or relevant rules.

Additional Consequences:

  • Interest on Late Payments: Interest accrues on unpaid tax liability at 18% per annum from the due date.
  • Prosecution in Severe Cases: Intentional tax evasion or significant non-compliance may lead to prosecution and imprisonment.
  • Reputational Damage: Non-compliance can damage the taxpayer’s reputation and hinder their business opportunities.
  • Difficulty in Compounding with Other Businesses: Other businesses may be hesitant to deal with non-compliant casual taxpayers.

Avoiding Penalties and Consequences:

  • Registration and Compliance Awareness: Stay informed about registration requirements and comply with all filing deadlines and tax payments.
  • Record-Keeping: Maintain proper records of all transactions and invoices to facilitate timely and accurate returns.
  • Seek Professional Guidance: Consult tax professionals for assistance with understanding GST procedures and avoiding compliance errors.
  • Regularly Update Knowledge: Stay updated on changes in GST rules and regulations to ensure continued compliance.

While being casual may sound relaxed, non-compliance with GST obligations can have serious consequences. Here’s what you need to be aware of:

Consequences of Non-registration or Late Registration

If you fail to register or register late for GST, you may find yourself facing some unpleasant consequences. These can include penalties, interest charges, and even legal action. So, it’s better to be prompt with your registration to avoid any unnecessary troubles. It’s like arriving fashionably late to a party and finding yourself locked out.

Penalties for Non-compliance with GST Obligations

If you don’t fulfill your GST obligations, you could face penalties and fines. These can range from monetary fines to suspension or cancellation of your GST registration. So, it’s essential to stay on top of your obligations and fulfill them diligently.

It’s like following the rules of an amusement park – break them, and you might find yourself kicked out without any fun rides.In conclusion, as a casual taxpayer under GST, it is essential to understand and fulfill your obligations to maintain compliance with the tax regulations. By staying informed about registration processes, maintaining accurate tax records, fulfilling reporting and payment requirements, claiming input tax credits, and issuing proper tax invoices, you can effectively navigate the GST framework. Remember, non-compliance can lead to penalties and consequences. Therefore, it is crucial to stay updated on any changes in the GST laws and seek professional advice if needed. By adhering to your obligations, you can ensure a smooth and hassle-free experience as a casual taxpayer under GST.


1. Who qualifies as a casual taxpayer under GST?

In general, casual taxpayers are individuals or businesses that do not have a regular or continuous business presence but occasionally engage in taxable activities. The specific criteria for qualifying as a casual taxpayer may vary depending on the jurisdiction and GST regulations in place.

2. What are the consequences of non-compliance by a casual taxpayer?

Failure to comply with GST obligations as a casual taxpayer can result in penalties and consequences. These consequences may include monetary fines, interest on outstanding taxes, and potential legal repercussions. It is crucial to understand and fulfill your obligations to avoid such consequences.

3. Can a casual taxpayer claim input tax credits?

Yes, casual taxpayers may be eligible to claim input tax credits on goods and services used for their taxable activities, subject to certain criteria and conditions. It is important to understand the rules and requirements for claiming input tax credits and maintain proper documentation to substantiate the claims.

4. How often do casual taxpayers need to file GST returns?

The frequency of filing GST returns for casual taxpayers may vary depending on the jurisdiction and specific circumstances. It is important to be aware of the applicable GST reporting periods for casual taxpayers and ensure timely filing of the returns to fulfill your obligations accurately.

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Amrit Jadhav

I am Amrit Jadhav with 5 years of experience in a variety of fields, I bring a wide range of skills to the table. I have worked in operations, front-end web development, full-stack development, and content creation and writing throughout my career. I've had the chance to develop my writing and creative expression as a freelance content writer. I have a strong interest in problem-solving, creating user-friendly programs, and producing interesting material.

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