MSMEs 45-Day Payment Rule: Proposed Changes Causes Rifts Among MSMEs Stakeholder

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The Union Finance Ministry had implemented the 45-day payment rule requiring MSME – micro, small, and medium enterprises to make payments within this time frame under rule 43B (h). However, the small business owners have not taken this news positively. Looking at this, the Union Finance Ministry had decided to delay the implementation of this rule for the time being.

Know Everything About MSME 45-Day Payment Rule

The Union Finance Ministry amended the Income Tax Act according to the Finance Act 2023, which included clause 43b (h), and requested MSMEs make payments on time. As per this new rule, the MSMEs are given 45 days to make the payment; failure to do so will result in pending payments being treated as income and taxes applied to the same.

However, many concerns have started to prevail. MSMEs, especially those in the textile sector, showed their concern. According to them, it can hamper their long relationship with small businesses that usually work on a credit basis. 

Looking at the concerns and challenges, the Union Finance Ministry postponed this rule’s implementation till 1st April 2025.

Why is there a Resistance from MSMEs?

MSMEs think there can be various challenges in implementing this new rule. It will require them to set up an internal system to track and handle invoices. Once the invoices are tracked, they can request timely payments. This process is time-consuming and will bear additional costs, which might be a problem for small businesses.

What Suggestions are Offered Regarding this New Rule?

Many experts believe this to be a perfect opportunity to streamline the payment system. However, they think that if the implementation happens in phases, it will allow businesses to streamline their processes effectively. Thus, it will lead to a smooth transition. 

There is also a proposal sent to the Finance Ministry by the Industry Bodies suggesting the government make some modifications or postpone the same for now. After the government officials’ discussion with Praveen Khandelwal, the Confederation of All India Traders (CAIT) Secretary General, the rule has been postponed for one year. 

This delay will give the traders and business owners ample time to understand this rule completely and comply with it accordingly. He had also requested more clarity and information before the implementation began again.

Benefits of Implementing the 45-Day Payment Rule

Despite so much chaos and dissatisfaction, many experts believe this to be an advantage for the MSME sector. India has often faced the challenge of late payments, especially in micro and small businesses, and this can help rectify this situation. In legal terms, delayed payments occur when buyers give MSE suppliers more than 45 days to pay.

Late payments are a big concern for India. As per a report, late payments account for over 10.7 lakh crore or close to 7.8% of India’s total GDP. If the regulation is implemented well, MSMEs’ cash flow problems might be significantly alleviated, enabling them to make more investments, grow, and support the economy. 

A more equal economy can also be achieved by stricter regulation and more clarity, which can encourage responsibility and openness in commercial dealings. This can further be supported by technology. Technology can assist in streamlining the process and ensuring it follows the rules and compliance.

MSMEs can use automated invoice monitoring, digital payment platforms, and online dispute resolution processes to ensure the 45-day rule is followed. For this, businesses may need to make some early modifications as they become used to meeting deadlines, but a collaborative approach may help to fill in any gaps. 

By collaborating, there can be a guarantee of a seamless shift and optimize the capabilities of this formidable law. MSMEs could grow, innovate, and generate employment thanks to timely payments, making the Indian market more inclusive and robust.

What is Udyam Registration?

Every MSME must register with the Indian government, and to simplify this process, the government has introduced Udyam registration. It is an online registration process that has replaced the old EM-I/II and UAM – Udyog Aadhar Memorandum. This Udyam registration’s main objective is to offer the MSMEs a streamlined process.

This registration will also allow them to avail of different benefits introduced by the government for MSMEs. Some of them are subsidies, easy access to credit, and exemptions.


In conclusion, for Udyam registered units, adherence to Section 43B(h) of the Income Tax Act is essential. Small enterprises must receive payments on time to profit from Udyam Registration and prevent tax fines. A culture of continual development, professional advice, and digital technologies are all essential tactics for managing tax compliance and guaranteeing long-term success. Every business person and the economy as a whole will benefit once all members of the business cycle make their payments on time.


  • What is the 45-day payment rule for MSMEs?

The Union Finance Ministry implemented a rule requiring MSMEs to make payments within 45 days, failing which pending payments will be treated as income and taxed.

  • Why are MSMEs resisting this rule?

MSMEs are concerned about setting up an internal system to track invoices, additional costs, and potential damage to relationships with small businesses on a credit basis.

  • What suggestions have been offered to address MSME concerns?

Experts suggest implementing the rule in phases to allow businesses to streamline processes, and industry bodies propose modifications or postponement.

  • How can MSMEs manage tax compliance and ensure long-term success?

MSMEs can manage tax compliance by adopting a continual development culture, seeking professional advice, and utilizing digital technologies.

  • What is the objective of the Udyam registration process?

The Udyam registration process aims to offer MSMEs a streamlined process and allow them to avail themselves of benefits.

  • What is the deadline for implementing the 45-day payment rule?

The implementation has been postponed to April 1, 2025, to allow businesses to understand and comply with the rule.

  • How can technology support the 45-day payment rule?

Automated invoice monitoring, digital payment platforms, and online dispute resolution processes can ensure compliance and streamline the process.

  • What is Udyam registration?

Udyam registration is an online process for MSMEs to access benefits such as subsidies, easy credit access, and exemptions.

  • What benefits does the 45-day payment rule offer MSMEs?

Timely payments can alleviate cash flow problems, enable investments and growth, and support the economy, promoting a more equal economy with stricter regulation and responsibility.

  • Why is Udyam registration essential for MSMEs?

Udyam registration streamlines the process and allows MSMEs to avail of benefits, and adherence to the 45-day payment rule is essential for Udyam-registered units to avoid tax fines.

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Kiruthika AS Freelance Content Writer
Kiruthika is passionate about writing and keen on writing articles related to tax, accounting, audit, and other finance-related topics. She has authored numerous articles, from personal finance and investing for ETmoney, Equirius, and ABSL health insurance. She enjoys staying up-to-date with the latest financial world developments and exploring new investment opportunities.

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