Latest Official Tax (Income Tax + TDS) Updates by CBDT India

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The Indian taxation system is dynamic, constantly adapting to the economic climate and policy shifts. The Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT), as the apex authority of direct taxation in India, plays a pivotal role in formulating and implementing these changes. The CBDT has introduced several amendments to the Income Tax Act and the Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) rules in its latest updates. These modifications aim to simplify the tax process, promote compliance, and enhance the efficiency of tax collection. This blog aims to dissect these updates, providing a clear understanding of their implications for taxpayers.

Key Changes in Income Tax

The fiscal year 2024-2025 has witnessed transformative changes in the income tax structure. The CBDT’s latest notification has redefined tax slabs, offering more flexibility and potentially reducing the tax burden for certain income groups. The new tax regime, optional for taxpayers, promises lower tax rates in exchange for forgoing specific deductions and exemptions. This move is expected to simplify the tax filing process and reduce the compliance burden on individuals.

Moreover, the surcharge rates for higher income brackets have been adjusted to align with the government’s tax revenue goals. Previously available only to salaried employees and pensioners, the standard deduction benefit has been extended to cover all individual taxpayers, providing additional relief.

TDS (Tax Deducted at Source) Updates

TDS, a method of collecting tax at the source of income, has seen significant revisions. The CBDT has rolled TDS rate changes and thresholds for various transactions, including salary payments, interest received, and rent. These tax deduction update changes necessitate a thorough understanding by the deductor, who is responsible for deducting the tax, and the deductee, the individual whose tax payment is deducted.

One of the critical income tax updates in 2024 is the increase in the threshold limit for TDS on interest earned on bank and post office deposits. This is a welcome change for small investors and senior citizens who rely on interest income. Additionally, the TDS rate on professional fees has been rationalized, reducing the tax burden on freelancers and professionals.

Recent CBDT Notifications and Circulars

Staying abreast of the latest CBDT notifications and circulars is crucial for taxpayers. Recent communications from the CBDT include extensions of various compliance deadlines, relieving taxpayers amidst the pandemic. The CBDT has also clarified the applicability of TDS on e-commerce transactions, ensuring that the digital economy is not left out of the tax net.

Another significant impact of the CBDT circular has addressed the issue of double taxation for non-resident Indians (NRIs), providing much-needed clarity on their tax obligations. The CBDT has also streamlined the process for startups to claim tax exemptions, fostering a supportive environment for entrepreneurship.

Impact of CBDT Circulars on Different Taxpayer Categories

The updates have varying impacts on CBDT circulars across different taxpayer categories. Salaried individuals, for instance, may find the new tax regime more beneficial if they have limited deductions and exemptions to claim. On the other hand, business owners and professionals who typically claim extensive deductions may prefer to stick with the old regime.

The increased threshold for TDS on interest income is advantageous for retirees who depend on fixed deposits for their livelihood. Similarly, rationalizing TDS rates on professional fees benefits self-employed individuals and consultants.

Expert Insights and Analysis

Tax experts have weighed in on the latest updates, providing valuable insights into their potential effects. The consensus is that while the new tax regime offers simplicity, it may not necessarily result in tax savings for everyone. Taxpayers must carefully evaluate their situations before opting for the new regime.

Analysts also point out that the increased standard deduction and the rationalization of TDS rates are positive steps toward a more progressive tax system. These changes are expected to enhance taxpayer morale and encourage voluntary compliance.


The CBDT’s recent tax updates reflect the government’s intent to reform the tax system, making it more taxpayer-friendly and efficient. As India moves towards a more digital and streamlined tax administration, these changes are a step in the right direction. Taxpayers are encouraged to familiarize themselves with the updates and seek professional advice to navigate the new tax landscape effectively.


1. What are the new income tax slabs under the latest tax regime?

Under the latest tax regime, the income tax slabs for FY 2023-24 and AY 2024-25 are as follows:

   – Income up to ₹2,50,000: Nil

   – ₹2,50,001 to ₹5,00,000: 5%

   – ₹5,00,001 to ₹7,50,000: 10%

   – ₹7,50,001 to ₹10,00,000: 15%

   – ₹10,00,001 to ₹12,50,000: 20%

   – ₹12,50,001 to ₹15,00,000: 25%

   – Above ₹15,00,000: 30% 

2. Can I switch back to the old tax regime after opting for the new one?

You can switch between the old and new tax regimes yearly if you are a salaried individual with no business income. However, if you have business income, you can switch back to the old regime once but then cannot move to the new regime again.

3. How has the standard deduction changed in the new fiscal year?

For the fiscal year 2024, the standard deduction remains the same as the previous year at Rs.50,000.

4. What are the revised TDS rates for professional fees?

The TDS rate for professional services is 10%, and for technical services, it is 2% under section 194J, provided the payment exceeds ₹30,000 in a fiscal year.

5. Under the new updates, are there any special tax considerations for NRIs?

NRIs can opt for the old or new tax regime with a lower tax rate under Section 115 BAC of the Income-tax Act. Under the former, they can avail of exemptions like Section 80C for up to ₹1.5 lakh and Section 80D for medical insurance premiums. Additionally, NRIs need to determine their residential tax status in India based on the duration of their stay during the fiscal year when filing their ITR.

6. What is the basic exemption limit under the new FY 2024-25 tax regime?

The basic exemption limit under the new tax regime has been increased from Rs. 2.5 lakhs to Rs. 3 lakhs, making the new tax regime more appealing for taxpayers.

7. How has the surcharge rate changed under the new tax regime?

The surcharge rate for individuals with income exceeding Rs. 5 crores has been reduced from 37% to 25% under the new tax regime.

8. Is a tax rebate available under the new tax regime, and if so, who is eligible?

Yes, there is a tax rebate available under the new tax regime. The rebate limit has been increased to Rs. 25,000 for resident individuals with taxable income less than or equal to Rs. 7 lakhs.

9. Are there any deductions available under the revised new tax regime?

   Under the revised new tax regime, the following deductions are available:

   – Standard deduction for salaried individuals up to Rs. 50,000.

   – Standard deduction on a pension: ₹15,000 or 1/3rd of pension, whichever is lower.

   – Interest on home loan u/s 24b on let-out property.

   – Employer’s contribution to NPS.

   – All contributions to Agniveer Corpus Fund (section 80 CCH).

10. Will I receive an exemption on leave encashment under the new tax regime?

Yes, exemption on leave encashment is available under the new tax regime. The exemption threshold for leave encashment has been increased from ₹3 lakhs to ₹25 lakhs for non-government employees.

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Niharika Kapoor Content Writer
Niharika is a Freelance Content Writer and Translator with a Master of Arts in Literature. She has 5+ years of working in the same and has worked in different industries.

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