What is ARN Number in GST and How Do I Verify an ARN Number?

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GST registration is the first step towards an efficient tax managing practice. However, the applicant may feel lost if regular updates of the application are not available. Checking the progress of the GST registration application is possible because of the Application Reference Number (ARN). ARN Number Verification is one easy but important step in the GST registration procedure. Tracking the status with ARN can ensure a smooth journey towards obtaining the GSTIN.

The ARN acts as a marker, similar to a fingerprint, for the GST registration application. This prevents confusion and misplacement, ensuring that the application is acknowledged and advanced through the system. Having an ARN transforms the application from an anonymous form into an entity with a clear identity. It is easily traceable for monitoring and updates.

ARN takes this concept of digital economy a step further. It has the potential to redefine the taxation system. It is best to delve into the core principles of ARN. Understand its key components and the ways it impacts our daily lives. This article explains the several benefits of GST ARN status and explains how to verify the state of GST ARN.

What is ARN Number in GST

The ARN number is known as the Application Reference Number. It is a distinctive code assigned to every transaction conducted on the GST registration portal. This unique identifier is generated upon the submission of the GST enrollment application. It utilizes a digital signature. The ARN serves as a tracking number that allows individuals to monitor the status of their GST registration application.

It is an exclusive 15-character alphanumeric code assigned to each GST registration application you submit. This code acts as an individual identifier that enables monitoring the advancement of the application. It also guarantees proper routing to the relevant department within the GST system.

The ARN is formatted as follows:

  • The first two codes of the 15-digit alpha-numeric ARN code are alphabets.
  • The state code is shown in the next two numbers.
  • The month and year are represented by the next four codes.
  • The unique number generated by the system is the next six digits.
  • The checksum digit is shown in the final code.

Also Read: What Is The ARN In Processing?

Documents Required for ARN

The documentation required for obtaining the ARN in the GST registration process varies depending on the nature of the business. It also varies on whether the applicant is an individual proprietor or a part of a partnership firm. The specific documents required will be different based on the characteristics of the business structure.

Some of these documents are:

  1. Evidence of identity

PAN card for the applicant(s) and directors (if applicable).

  1. Address verification

Aadhaar card, Voter ID card, Driver’s license, Rental agreement, Property tax receipt, and Electricity bill.

  1. Bank documentation

Canceled cheque or bank passbook containing the bank account details.

  1. Digital signature certificate (DSC)

Essential for online submissions (compulsory for companies and LLPs, discretionary for individuals and other entities).

  1. Partnership firms

Registered partnership deed and PAN card of all partners.

  1. Limited Liability Companies (LLCs)

Certificate of incorporation, memorandum of association and articles of association, PAN card of directors.

  1. Proof of the constitution of the business

For partnerships and companies, copies of board resolutions or other relevant documents.

  1. Authorization letter

If someone other than the applicant is submitting the application.

Significance of Verifying an ARN Number

Verifying the ARN number in the GST registration process is a simple but important step. This helps to track the progress and ensure its legitimacy. The portal displays the ARN’s current status, such as ‘Pending for Processing, ‘ ‘Site Verification Assigned,’ or ‘Granted.’ This reflects where the application stands in progress.

Here’s what the ARN number validation process looks like on the GST portal:

  1. Head to the official GST portal

Access the official GST portal by navigating to the GST website.

  1. Login to the account

Under the section ‘Services,’ click on ‘Track Application Status.’ Then select ‘Registration’ as the service type.

  1. Enter the 15-digit ARN number.

Click on the ‘Search’ or ‘Track Status’ button.

The portal will then display the current status of your GST application associated with the entered ARN. Additional advice is to check the email address and mobile number registered with your application. The GST department sends a confirmation email and SMS about your ARN updates.

Methods to Verify an ARN Number

Tracking the status of GST registration and making sure it is legitimate can be done by confirming the ARN. Here are the two main techniques that can be used:

  1. Online Verification

This is the most convenient and highly recommended method and can be opted for by visiting the official GST portal:

  • Under ‘Services,’ choose  ‘Track Application Status.’
  • Choose ‘Registration’ as the service type.
  • Accurately enter the 15-digit ARN number.
  • Complete the captcha code for verification.
  • Click on ‘Search’.

The portal will promptly display the current status of the ARN. It will provide insights into its position in the process. For instance, ‘Pending for Processing,’ ‘Site Verification Assigned,’ ‘Granted.’ This information is valuable for further planning.

  1. Offline Verification

While it may be less efficient, this method is useful when online access is unavailable.

  • Applicants can contact the GST Helpdesk at 1800 1200 232 or https://selfservice.gstsystem.in/.
  • Provide the PAN and registered mobile number.
  • Request verification of ARN and inquire about its current status.

Also Read: Where Can I Track My ARN Number?

Factors to Consider During ARN Number Verification

Now that there has been a significant discussion about the importance of the ARN. One can think of the importance of the accuracy of this number. This is the reason verification of ARN is an integral step. A few factors to consider during its verification are as follows:

  1. Ensuring ARN Accuracy

For verification, it is necessary to meticulously check the 15-digit ARN for typos and errors. If uncertain about the correct ARN, use the PAN and registered mobile number on the GST portal to retrieve it.

  1. Selecting the Appropriate Verification Method

Opt for online verification through the GST portal for efficiency and reliability. Make sure to access the official website to prevent falling victim to fake attempts. Online verification provides immediate and accurate status updates.

  1. Understanding Status Indicators

To interpret the ARN status, one must gain insight into the indicators of the stages. One must clearly understand terms like ‘Pending for Processing,’ ‘Site Verification Assigned,’ or ‘Granted’ to interpret the ARN status. If faced with an unclear status, seek clarification from the GST Helpdesk via phone or email.

  1. Guarding Against Misinformation

Be cautious of unofficial websites or third-party services claiming while ARN verification or offering information about the application. Sticking to the official GST portal is the best. It is important to avoid sharing your ARN or application details with unauthorized individuals or websites.

  1. Documenting the Verification Process

Maintaining a record of the ARN verification includes screenshots of status updates and any correspondence with the GST Helpdesk. This documentation proves valuable for future reference or when reaching out to authorities for further assistance.

Importance of Updated Information and Timely Verification in GST

Verifying the ARN is not just another number; it takes control of the GST journey. It empowers the applicant with transparency and makes the process efficient. A verified ARN  opens the way for a smooth GST registration experience and, in turn, a successful business under the new taxation system.

Following are a few reasons why validating ARN is important:

  1. Transparency and Clarity

A confirmed ARN is essential for transparency into your application’s status. It helps the applicant know whether the application is processing, undergoing verification, or progressing toward approval. This knowledge helps a strategic plan for business operations.

  1. Increased Confidence

Confirming your ARN removes the scope for doubts and instills confidence. The system ensures that the application has reached it. This allows the individuals to concentrate on growing your business without any concerns.

  1. Mitigating Scams and False Information

Scammers can attempt to capitalize on the lack of knowledge by offering fake ARNs. Ensuring the legitimacy of the ARN directly through the official GST portal protects from such deceptive practices. Trusting a reliable source can avoid the risk of falling victim to misinformation and scams.

  1. Establishing a Compliance Foundation

Maintaining GST compliance is important for any business. Verifying the ARN and staying updated with the application’s progress establishes a foundation for compliance. This responsible approach to the GST system builds trust and ensures a smooth relationship with tax authorities.


This article explains the ARN and how using the registration number to check the GST status is helpful. Additional considerations that need to be taken into account when verifying the ARN status of GST applications on the official GST portal have also been discussed at length.

The ARN is not merely a code but symbolic of transparency and accountability. It reflects the fusion of technology and India’s economy. It also smoothens the application process and empowers individuals with the ability to trace the status of their submissions.

Through the means of the ARN, individuals experience an easy GST registration process. It also establishes a personalized tracking mechanism. Gaining expertise in the functions of ARN is the first step in mastering GST regulations.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • What exactly is an ARN?

An ARN, or Application Reference Number, is a 15-character alphanumeric code assigned to each application for GST registration. It is an identification card for the application and acts as a monitor of its progress. The ARN is a tracking tool to facilitate the management of GST registration applications.

  • Why is checking the ARN important?

Knowing the ARN status is important because it answers the following queries:

  • Current status of the application- Whether it is stuck in the queue, under review, or approved.
  • Any reported issues- Missing documents, errors, or clarification needed.
  • Expected GSTIN timeline- So that one can plan the business operations accordingly.
  • What to do in case someone loses their ARN?

ARN can be retrieved using the PAN and registered mobile number on the GST portal. One can head to “Track Application Status” and click “Forgot ARN.”

  • How do I check the ARN status?

ARN status can be checked by visiting the official GST portal.

  1. Click “Services”  and then “Track Application Status.”
  2. Choose “Registration” as the service type.
  3. Enter the ARN and the captcha code.
  4. Hit “Search” and see the ARN status.
  • Can one apply for GSTIN without an ARN?

No, obtaining an ARN is important for initiating the GSTIN (Goods and Services Tax Identification Number) application process. Without an ARN, one cannot progress in the GST registration procedure. It is essential to submit an online application first and receive the ARN.

  • Is the ARN necessary for casual taxpayer registrations, among other forms of GST registrations?

Yes, whether registering as a regular taxpayer, under a composition scheme, or on a casual basis, the ARN is an essential part of all GST registrations.

  • Are the GSTIN and ARN interchangeable?

The ARN and GSTIN are not the same. The final Goods and Services Tax Identification Number is obtained upon successful registration and called the GSTIN, whereas the ARN is assigned throughout the application process.

  • What is the duration from the time the GST registration application is submitted to the time the ARN is received?

After the GST registration application is successfully submitted, the ARN is often created quickly. The ARN allows to monitor the status and may vary in processing time.

  • Where can individuals find more information about ARN and GST registration?

The official GST portal is the best place to find authentic information: https://www.gst.gov.in/. One can also consult tax professionals for guidance on specific situations. Another valid source is the Central Board of Indirect Taxes (CBIC) website: https://cbic-gst.gov.in/.

  • What happens in case the ARN expires before the application is processed?

The ARN has no set expiry date. However, if the application remains pending for an extended period, which is usually beyond 60 days, the tax department might request to resubmit the application for a new ARN.

Some things to keep in mind about expired ARNs are:

  • Expired ARNs are typically considered invalid. They cannot be used for the intended purpose.
  • Actions taken with an expired ARN may be null.
  • Application may be put on hold or even rejected if the ARN has expired.
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Rinkle Dudhani Intern
Meet Rinkle Dudhani, a diligent law student on the path to earning a BBA LLB degree in June 2024. Armed with a solid academic background in company law, taxation laws, and finance fundamentals, Rinkle possesses a deep understanding of legal and financial concepts. As a seasoned content writer with over 3 years of experience, she has collaborated with prominent brands and consistently delivered high-quality content with a focus on thorough research.

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