GST Implications on Labour Charges | Labour (Contractors) Charges HSN Code

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GST applies to every supply of goods or services unless a specific exemption is provided by GST law. “Labour Services” is a very usual nature of transaction with which every person interacts at some point or the other point whether for personal or commercial purposes. Therefore, it is pertinent to understand the HSN code and GST on  Labour Charges, and its implications on such transactions to avoid any litigations or additional costs.

In this article, we have carried out a detailed discussion on GST Implication on Labour Charges:

1. Meaning of GST on Labour Charges

  • GST Law does not provide any specific definition of “Labour Charges”. Therefore, the same has to be understood in common parlance.
  • As per common understanding, Labour Contracts are the agreements under which manpower is supplied by the contractor to carry out work as set out in the agreement for a consideration.
  • In some cases, supply of Labour is accompanied with supply of material as well, such as, supply of Paint along with Labour for painting work.

2. Types of Labour Contracts

As discussed above, Labour Contract can be following 2 types:

  • Pure Labour Contract:

    1. Contracts under which only manpower is supplied without any accompanying material are considered as “Pure Labour contracts”. A very common example of Pure Labour contract is Supply of Security Services.
    2. “Labour Supply” is considered as supply of “Services” under GST.
  • Work Contracts:

    1. As per Section 2(119) of The CGST Act, “works contract” means a contract for building, construction, fabrication, completion, erection, installation, etc. of any immovable property wherein property in goods is involved in the execution of such contract.
    2. E.g. Construction Contract is a common example of works contract under which property in material such as bricks, cement, concrete, etc. is transferred during construction of immovable property. 
    3. As per Entry No. 6(a) of The CGST Act, works contract services are considered as “Supply of Services”.

3. GST Implication on Labour Supply
captainbiz gst implication on labour supply

3.1 GST Rates on Labour Supply

  • Pure Labour Contract and Works Contract, both are considered as “Supply of Services” and GST and are liable to GST @ 18% under any specific exemption is provided.
  • In general, GST on supply of Labour services is paid by the supplier under forward charge. Therefore, is supplier of Labour services is registered under GST then he shall charge the GST on the invoice raised to recipient of service.
  • However, as per point No. 14 of Notification No. 13/2017-Central GST (CGST) Rate dated 28th June, 2017, in case of supply of security services (services provided by way of supply of security personnel), GST shall be payable under service charge Mechanism (RCM) if following conditions are fulfilled:
    • Supplier of Service: Any person, other than a body corporate
    • Recipient of Service: A registered person, located in taxable territory.

3.2 HSN Code for Labour Supply

Following are the different categories of HSN Code for Labour charges :

SAC Code Nature of Service
9986 Supply of Farm Labour
9954 Works Contract services
998511 Executive/retained personnel search services
998512 Permanent placement services
998513 Contract Staffing Services
998515 Long- Term staffing or payroll services
998516 Temporary   staffing-to-permanent placement services
998517 Co-employment staffing services


3.3 Exemption on Labour Supply services:

As per Notification No. 12/2017- Central Tax (Rate) dated 28th June, 2017, following Labour supply services are exempted from applicability of GST:

  1. Pure Labour contracts of construction, erection, commissioning, or installation of original works pertaining to a single residential unit otherwise than as a part of a residential complex. (Point 11 to Notification)
  2. Pure Labour contracts of construction, erection, commissioning, installation, completion, etc. of a civil structure or any other original works pertaining to the beneficiary-led individual house construction or enhancement under the Housing for All (Urban) Mission or Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana. (Point No. 10 of Notification).
  3. Pure services (excluding works contract service or other composite supplies involving supply of any goods) provided to the Central Government, State Government or Union territory or local authority by way of any activity in relation to any function entrusted to a Panchayat under article 243G of the Constitution or in relation to any function entrusted to a Municipality under article 243W of the Constitution. (Point No. 3 of Notification)

3.4 Valuation for GST

  • As per Section 15 of The CGST Act, value of supply of goods or services shall be the transaction value. 
  • Transaction value is price actually paid or payable for said supply where the supplier and the recipient are not related and the price is the sole consideration for the supply.
  • The value of supply shall include any taxes, duties, cesses, fees and charges levied under any law for the time being in force other than GST.
  • Therefore, consideration charged by the supplier of Labour shall be consideration as taxable value for the purpose of GST.
  • In cases, where a supplier of Labour is liable to pay EPF or ESI or any other taxes, then such amount shall also be added to the transaction value and GST shall be charged on the complete amount.
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Deepika Jain Partner
FCA| +10 years experience | Practitioner| Ex-KPMG| GST Expert| Trainer

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This Post Has 4 Comments

  1. Er kusheshwar Kumar shah

    I want to get labour GST code for supply on company and vender codes so please will you help me

    1. CaptainBiz

      For labor supply to a company, the GST code falls under Business Support Services, specifically HSN/SAC code 998541. However, vendor codes are specific to each company and are not standardized under GST. You will need to obtain vendor codes directly from the respective companies or organizations you are dealing with.

  2. ATUL Gajjar

    Labour contract GST rate and eway bill generation what is HSN code

    1. CaptainBiz

      The GST rate for labor contracts varies based on the nature of the service provided. Generally, labor contracts are taxed at 18% GST. For e-way bill generation related to labor services, it’s important to include the HSN (Harmonized System of Nomenclature) code 9985, which pertains to services provided by persons engaged in labor contracts, including recruitment services.