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GST denotes “Goods and Services Tax”. It is a cost-delivered tax device that is used by many nations around the arena to streamline the taxation of products and offerings. GST is designed to update a lot of different taxes, along with sale tax and value-delivered tax with an unified tax device.

GST Registration Procedure

All businesses are obligated to pay service tax, vat has to register underneath items and service taxes. An applicant can initiate the GST Registration method at the GST Portal. Once the application is submitted the web portal will generate ARN reputation. ARN stands for Application Reference Number and it will be used to check the GST Registration software reputation. GSTIN is a 15-digit code allotted to every taxpayer registered with GST.

Documents Required for GST Registration

Documents for Individual

  • Pan Card
  • Address Proof
  • Aadhar Card
  • Bank Account Details
  • Photograph Partnership Firms
  • Pan Card
  • Address Proof
  • Bank Account details
  • Copy of partnership deeds
  • Registration Certificate
  • Photographs of Authorized Signatories
  • Proof of Appointing an authorized Signatory

Hindu Undivided Family

  • Pan Card
  • Address Proof
  • Bank Account details
  • Photograph of the owner
  • Aadhar card or PAN Card

Company

  • Pan Card
  • Bank details
  • Address Proof
  • Pan and address proof
  • Pan and Aadhar Card
  • Article of Association or Memorandum of Association
  • Proof of Appointment of an Authorized Signatory
  • Photographs
  • Certificate of incorporation provided by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs.

Objectives of GST

1. Simplification of Tax Structure

The primary objective of GST is the simplification of the tax structure. Its main principle is that it should be a single, unified tax system that will replace many indirect taxes such as sales tax, service tax, and excise duty.

2. One Nation One Tax

The system of GST created One Nation One Tax and brought conformity in all taxes in the USA.

3. Reduction in Tax Evasion

GST will make possible the use of a digital and structured tax filing system that enhances transparency in eliminating tax evasion.

Impact of GST

1. How does it affect Business?

The change that the company has experienced through GST. The business becomes free from multiple taxes, which were replaced by a single system and integrated structure called GST and it promotes the growth of the economy.

2. How does it affect Consumers?

The effects of GST on consumers are visible through reduced prices for many goods and services. The removal of hidden taxes under the GST puts the tax on one product at one point and thereby makes commodities cheaper.

How Does GST Impact The Service Sector?

GST Rates

  • Nil Rates

There are no taxes involved in such items since they fall under this class of property.

  • 5% Rates

The household and some services fall under this category.

  • 12% and 18% Rates

This category comprises most of goods and services, such as electronic products, apparel, toys, cosmetics, etc.

  • 28% Rates

Luxury items and services attract the highest GST Rate, which is this.

Types of GST

Four types of GST, which include integrated GS&T (IGST), SGST, CGST, and UGST.

1) IGST (Integrated GST)

Deducted tax raised by the Central Government on the transactions taking place among various states with a view not to pay double taxes.

2) SGST (State GST)

Central tax paid on transactions within one state.

3) CGST (Central GST)

Central government taxes on transactions in the same province.

4) UTGST (Union Territory Goods and Service Tax)

The GST applicable for the supply of goods and services in a union territory is called UTGST or simply Union Territory Goods and Service Tax.

New GST Notification for 2023

  • It shall be compulsory for all businesses having an annual turnover above Rs. 5 Crore or above to produce invoices from 1st August 2023.
  • Secondly, business involving turnover with Tax invoices and credit-debit notes from Rs. 100 Crore or more should be registered in the Invoice Registration Portal starting from May 1st, 2023 onward for a period of 7 days from the date of invoice
  • Amnesty schemes are valid till the 30th of June 2023 for defaulting late fillers of GSTR-4, GSTR-9, and GSTR10 taxpayers attracting 62 sections of the CGST act.
  • Changing the threshold for suing except with fake invoice from Rs. 1 Crore to 2 Crore.
  • The required fees for over-invoicing of GST have been reduced to between one-quarter (25%) and full tax amounts (100%).

Introduction to GST Worldwide

It is interesting to note that France became the first nation to introduce a tax on both goods and services. GST in its modern form, as it is now known, was first employed in New Zealand in 1986.

New Rule of GST

  • Companies with a B2B transaction value of Rs.5 crore will have to mandatorily issue e-Invoices.
  • Businesses should produce every year’s income over Rs.10 Crore for a year or more.
  • GST Taxing entities whose aggregate turnover exceeds Rupees 40 lakh rupees per annum. Any entity generating Rs. 5 crores in any financial year will be mandatorily required to furnish an e-invoice from 1st August 2023 with respect to the outward supply of goods or services for B2B transactions and exports.
  • Businesses with an annual turnover of Rs. From 1st of May 2023 onwards, ₹ 100 Crore.
  • Any received payment or issued invoice must include an 8% GST.

GST slabs in India

India has four categories of tax rates for different goods and services under the Goods and Service Tax (GST) regime.

  • 5% GST
  • 12% GST
  • 18%GST
  • 28% GST

Turnover Threshold for GST Registration.

This limit is usually placed on companies making a yearly turnover of more than Forty Lakh rupees. One has to pay an amount of Forty lakhs for goods but only Twenty lakhs for services in order to register for GST.”

1) For Regular Business

The businesses with a total taxable income not exceeding Rs. Twenty Lakhs . Twenty Lakhs was expected to register for GST. Not expected less than twenty lakhs in any financial year and Ten lakhs for special category states to register for GST.

2) For Service Provides

In aggregate, any person who exceeds Rs 20 lakhs will be a service person. It was compulsory to register 20 lakh (ten lakhs for special category states) for GST.

Taxation of Salary under GST

This means that salaries have to be distinguished as neither good nor services and therefore non-taxable under the GST Regime.

Input Tax Credit in GST

GST paid by a taxable person, in relation to their supplies to taxpayers, is referred to as input tax credit, in relation to their supplies to taxpayers. This helps a business to use the taxes it has paid on its input as a deduction against its tax liability output.

GST Exemption Limit

GST exemption limit, an annual threshold of Rs 40 lakhs for GST exemption for provider of services.

Benefits of GST

1) Easy Compliance

The taxpayer would easily comply with his/her responsibilities since all taxpayer services like registrations, returns and payments would be available to the taxpayer through Cyber space.

2) Improved Competitiveness

This is how it improves competitiveness such as reducing transaction costs. Thus, GST is vital for fostering competition.

3) Simple and straightforward to manage

Goods and Services Tax replaces the various Indirect taxes charged by both Central and State Governments. GST, with an efficient E2E IT backup, will be less cumbersome compared to all other Indirect taxes.

4) High revenue efficiency

It is important to note that the GST will lower costs for the government in collecting taxes and this will increase its efficiency.

5) Input Tax Credit

The input tax credit is a concept for businesses which allows them to write off GST payments made on purchases with their GST liabilities incurred on sales thereby lowering the overall tax burden.

6) Boost to the Economy

GST in this case aids in stimulating the economy to enable it to reduce the tax burden on businesses thus spurring investment.

7) Transparency

The use of digital tracking technology makes all GST transactions transparent and accountable.

8) Consumer Benefits

Several advantages accrue to consumers due to GST.

9) International Trade

Through taxation, GST enables the competitiveness of Indian goods in the international market and is a big contributor to exporting.

10) Improved Logistics

GST is aimed at reducing check posts and improving the effectiveness in the move of goods, lowering transport time and cost.

Calculating GST

1. Know the GST Rate

First of all, it is important to know what GST rate applies to products and services you deal in. The rate of GST in India depends on particular goods and services, and can range between 5%, 12%, 18% and 28%.

2. Separate Taxable Value

You then find what percentage is taxable from the whole price of the product or service charged. This will form the basis for the calculation of GST.

3. Calculate GST Amount

Multiply this taxable value with the GST rate, divide it by 100 and it will give you the GST amount.
GST amount = (taxable value* GST rate/100).

4. Total Invoice Amount

In order to calculate the total amount due, one needs to sum up the taxable value plus the GST amount.
Taxable Amount + GST.

5. Revenue Calculation

Use this formula in determining the taxable value or GST amount if you have the total invoice amount and GST rate.
Taxable Value = Total Invoice Amount X 100/ (100 + GST rate). GST amount = Total invoice amount – taxable value.

GST – Free Items in India

There are certain that are exempted from the Goods and Service Tax and the list of items are explained as follows:

  • Essential Food Items

Fruits, food grains, meat, fish, milk, and other basic food elements do not have GST charges.

  • Healthcare Services

Typically tax-exempted medical services can be supplied by doctors, hospitals or clinics.

  • Education

All educational services such as school fees and related materials are exempted free.

  • Public Transportation

Buses, Railways, and Metro that constitute public transportation services remain generally exempted from the GST.

  • Books and Newspapers

There is zero percent GST for books printed and newspapers.

  • Agricultural Equipment

Some agricultural equipment and machinery must be GST-Free.

  • Handmade Products

Some handmade products like handmade carpets are exempt from GST.

  • Petrol’s GST Status

No, Petrol is not currently included under the Goods and Service Tax in India.

Conclusion

GST is a game changer for taxes worldwide. This complete guide has covered everything you need to know about it. GST makes taxes simpler and helps countries collect money more efficiently. It’s not without challenges but it’s a big step forward. GST is vital for businesses, governments, and everyday people.

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

1) What is GST?

Goods and Services Tax (GST) is a comprehensive tax reform aimed at replacing the Indirect tax system.

2) How does GST work?

The goods and service tax (GST) is a multiply tax since it collects the tax at a particular point of consumption referred to as destination-based Tax.

3) What are different GST Rates?

Some goods and services are not taxed because of exemption, while other categories have a low rate of 5%.

4) Discuss why and how GST is necessary and its benefits.

Such advantages of GST include an easy tax system and improved voluntary tax payment.

5) Which persons are required to register for GST?

All businesses with particular turn over and which carry some specific activities should do registration to GST.

6) How are GST returns filed?

The relevant details of sales and purchases may also be provided directly into GST returns using the GST portal.

7) What is an Input Tax Credit?

Businesses can claim credit through Input tax credit and it may be set against GST due for payment.

8) Are there any exemptions under GST?

Some vital goods and services attract zero percent GST while some items are levied with a specific percentage.

9) What’s up with GST and inter-state commerce?

The states’ entry taxes have been replaced by GST, which makes it less expensive and easy for firms to move goods across borders.

10) What problems come up in the implement of GST?

This is mostly difficult in the initial implementation of compliance, adaptation to new technologies, and transition from an old to the current GST.

 

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Rutuja Khedekar Freelance Copywriter
Rutuja is a finance content writer with a post-graduate degree in M.Com., specializing in the field of finance. She possesses a comprehensive understanding of financial matters and is well-equipped to create high-quality financial content.

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