E-waybill for Job Work: Understanding the Special Considerations

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Published Date:  18-12-2023   Author:   kiran-chaudhary
e waybill for job work


In the dynamic realm of the Goods and Services Tax (GST) system, the e-waybill is a vital companion for goods transportation. This computerized E-way bill serves as your digital buddy that contains all details of the sender (consignor), the receiver (consignee), the carrier, and the goods that are in transit. 

Along with the invoice or delivery confirmation generated via the E-waybill gateway, whoever is in charge of the travel must have this digital wizard. 

Ensuring that the transportation of products complies with GST requirements and efficiently curbing tax evasion are its key functions. This article will cover the unique considerations related to E-waybills in the context of job work, offering crucial information to both seasoned business owners and those just starting. 

Join us as we discuss the essential details required for E-waybills in job work so that your company can run smoothly and still adhere to applicable requirements. Now let’s start this investigation!

E-waybill for job work

An E-waybill is a digital authorization necessary for the transportation of goods inside a state (intra-state) or between states (inter-state) in India when the total worth of the products exceeds Rs. 50,000. It includes important details regarding the items, the sender (consignor), the recipient (consignee), and the carrier. The Goods and Services Tax Network (GSTN) facilitates the electronic generation of the E-waybill.

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Job work is the defined procedure carried out by an individual on semi-finished goods or raw materials that are supplied and belonging to the primary manufacturer. This procedure takes place under the manufacturer’s instructions. The movement of goods for job work requires the creation of an E-waybill. But in the case of interstate goods, the registered job worker or the major manufacturer will generate the E-waybill.

Understanding the E-Way Bill System in GST: Compliance and Consequences

Scenarios for creating job work E-Way bill

There are four scenarios in which generating an E-waybill for job work may be necessary for any of the involved parties. Here as follows:

  • The Principal delivers the goods to the job worker.
  • After finishing the work, the job worker sends the goods straight to the principal.
  • After task completion, the job worker sends the inputs back to the principal.
  • Direct delivery of finished goods to the client at the end of the project.

Procedure to generate job work E-waybill 

To accomplish the Generation of the E-way bill, simply follow the below steps:

  1. Enter your password and registered user name to log into the E-waybill interface.
  2. Select “Create new E-waybill.”
  3. Choose ‘Job work’ as the transaction type.

To create a job work e-way bill, you must supply your GST number, the product description, the delivery challan number, and any other pertinent details regarding your identity or the product.

Documents Needed Before Shipping Goods for Job Work

The following documents are necessary before providing goods for job work:

  • Date and the challan’s delivery number
  • Name and address of the consignee and GSTIN of the consignor. A GSTIN is necessary if one or both parties are registered.
  • The goods code under the Harmonized System of Nomenclature (HSN).
  • The amount of goods supplied.
  • The taxable value of goods.
  • The amount of GST payable and the applicable GST rate.
  • The supply location.
  • The Issuer’s signature.

Also, the following documents are necessary when transporting goods for job work

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  • Copy of the job work E-waybill.
  • Delivery confirmation.
  • A copy of the invoice if the job worker receives the goods from the principal vendor.

Job Work Compliance Obligations

Managing job work compliance requirements demands strict adherence to GST laws, appropriate documentation, and timely submissions. They are 

1. GST Registration:

  • Principal: GST registration is necessary, while it is optional for the job worker.
  • Aggregate Turnover: Job worker registration is necessary if their total turnover exceeds particular limits.

2. E-waybill Generation:

  • Consignment Value: Consignments over Rs. 50,000 will require e-way bills.
  • Inter-State Transit: Principals or registered job workers generate e-way bills for inter-state transits.

3. Documentation and Record-Keeping:

  • Challan Issuance: Under Rule 45 of the CGST Rules, principals issue challans for goods sent to job workers.
  • Endorsement: Job workers can fill out challans and record details in FORM GST ITC – 04.
  • Quarterly Intimation: It is necessary to submit Challan details quarterly in FORM GST ITC – 04.

4. Time Limits for Goods Return:

Inputs: Requires return within a year and capital goods return within 3. Eligible supply is the outcome of failure.

5. Compliance with Job Work Provisions:

Principal’s Responsibility: The principal is in charge of shipping, receiving, and supplying goods.

Proper Accounts: Principals are responsible for maintaining accurate records of the capital goods and inputs sent for job work.

6. Inter-State Job Work:

Registration Exemptions: Specific turnover restrictions apply to interstate supply exemptions from registration.

Compliance with Rules: Adherence to regulations that are relevant to providers offering services beyond state lines.

7. Submission of Intimation:

Challan Details: Provide information about items supplied, received, or returned on FORM GST ITC-04 quarterly.

8. E-waybill and Principal’s Responsibility:

E-waybill Generation: Required for individuals with registration who transfer more than Rs. 50,000 worth of goods.

Principal’s Responsibility: The principal has to create e-way bills for interstate transportation for unregistered workers.

9. Supply of Job Work Services:

GST Liability: Registered job workers must pay GST when submitting invoices for related products or services and service charges.

Value Determination: Value includes service charges and the value of goods or services used if recovered from the principal.

10. Input Tax Credit (ITC):

For Principal: ITC is available irrespective of whether goods are received and then sent for job work or directly received at the job worker’s premises.

For Job Worker: Eligible for ITC on inputs used in supplying job work services if registered.

Legal requirements for E-waybill in job work

As laws change between nations and regions, different jurisdictions may have various legal requirements for E-waybills in the context of job work. Although it’s vital to review the particular laws in your region, the following fundamental rules can be relevant:

Enrollment in the E-waybill: You have to ensure that registration for the E-waybill creation follows the guidelines established by the relevant tax authorities.

Declaration of Job Work: Certain jurisdictions could demand a statement or particulars about the employment work while creating E-waybills. It includes information about the job worker, the type of work, and other pertinent facts.

Duration of Validity: When it comes to e-waybills, there’s typically a deadline for the completion of the transportation. Ensure the validity period corresponds with how long the job will take to finish.

Multiple E-waybills for various Movements: You might need to create multiple E-waybills if the project requires moving goods between locations on various occasions.

Update in the Portal: Verify that the E-waybill portal has all pertinent information about the job work up to date. This might contain details on the job worker, consignee, and consignor.

Job work and E-waybill best practices

The E-waybill and job work procedures contain several best practices to guarantee efficient and legal operations. Some recommended practices are as follows:

Timely communication: Make sure that everyone is in agreement and that there are no delays or misunderstandings by keeping in good touch with all parties engaged in the job work process.

Real-time tracking: Track goods in transit in real-time by using E-waybill technologies. This improves visibility and enables proactive handling of any possible problems.

Training and Awareness: Make sure that staff members are aware of the protocols and compliance standards and train them on work responsibilities and E-waybill processes.

Frequent Audits: Perform routine internal audits to evaluate the efficiency of job work and E-waybill procedures, pinpoint areas for enhancement, and guarantee continuous compliance.

Quality Control: Ensure that the job work satisfies the established standards and criteria by setting quality control procedures to avoid problems and rework.

E-waybill challenges in Job work Scenarios

There are various challenges involved in E-waybill generation for job work. Some are as follows:

Coordination Complexity

  • Coordinating the creation and updating of E-waybills gets difficult in job work circumstances where several parties are engaged.
  • Accurate and timely E-waybill creation requires coordination between many organizations, including the job worker, the transporter, and the major manufacturer.

Dynamic Manufacturing Processes 

  • Depending on the customer’s needs, job work frequently entails dynamic and tailored manufacturing processes.
  • As job activity is unpredictable, it is challenging to anticipate E-waybill needs ahead of time, which might cause delays and compliance problems.

Interstate Compliance 

  • Moving goods over state lines is a common aspect of job work, necessitating interstate E-waybill compliance.
  • Comprehending and complying with the various E-waybill laws between states can be intricate and demanding, necessitating close attention to detail.

Data Accuracy and Timeliness

  • Timely and accurate data entry is essential to complying with E-waybill regulations. Ensuring the accuracy of information becomes a continual problem in job work circumstances where material quantities and requirements vary often.
  • Inaccuracies or delays in updating E-waybill data may lead to fines and supply chain interruptions. As a result, keeping data timeliness and accuracy at a high level is a constant issue in professional circumstances.

Job work exemption in E-waybill

The following are the few exemption cases of job work in E-waybill: 

  • E-Waybill is optional for debts under Rs. 50,000 (except in some situations when necessary, such as when moving products for interstate job work or the transportation of handicrafts)
  • When using a non-motorized means of transportation to move products (such as horse-drawn or manually operated carts)
  • If there is a transportation of goods:
  •  From the port, airport, air cargo complex, land customs station, and container goods station (CFS) to an inland container depot (ICD) or container goods station (CFS) for customs clearance
  • From ICD or CFS to an airport, customs port, air cargo facility, etc., subject to a customs bond
  • Between ports and stations of customs under a customs bond
  • Goods moved under customs oversight or sealed with a customs seal.
  • If goods transit under a Delivery Challan (DC) to a weighbridge within 20 km and then return to the place of business.
  • When local or state governments serve as consignors and transport goods by rail.
  • Goods moved to and from the Ministry of Defence.

E-waybill for subcontracted work

Subcontracting work considers some main factors for E-way bills in assisting companies in adhering to GST laws and transportation restrictions. They are as follows:

  • When assigning work to another party through subcontracting, the principal or prime contractor is responsible for creating the E-way bill for the outward transportation of goods.
  • E-way bill must include precise information, like the name and GSTIN of the principal acting as the consignor and the subcontractor acting as the consignee. It is important to state the subcontracting’s objective explicitly.
  • Guarantees that the E-way bill is valid for the whole time the products are in transit to the subcontractor’s site. Remember the date of expiry.

Job work audit and verification in E-waybill

Maintaining compliance with E-waybill regulations and improving the business’s overall financial integrity are two benefits of a comprehensive job work audit and verification procedure. 

It reduces the possibility of fines during regulatory inspections and promotes a tax compliance environment inside the organization. The following are the key aspects of job work transaction auditing and verification, with an emphasis on E-waybills:

  • Create a strong record-keeping system first. Keep thorough records of every job work transaction, including delivery challans, invoices, E-waybills, and any other pertinent paperwork. A system of well-organized paperwork is the basis of an audit’s success.
  • Attention to the time limit is a vital component of job work compliance. It is necessary to return the goods delivered for job work within the allotted time frame; otherwise, it must have further paperwork obligations and possible fines.
  • Adjust the Input Tax Credit for claimed products that were transited for job work. Ensure to fulfill the requirements to submit an ITC claim and keep proper documentation to back up these assertions. The whole financial stability of the company depends on this reconciliation.
  • Collaboration with tax authorities is essential in the case of a tax audit or verification. As evidence of your dedication to following legal and regulatory standards, give the relevant documentation as soon as possible and transparently.
  • Keep an eye out for any modifications to the GST employment laws or the E-waybill regulations related to job work. Review and update internal procedures regularly to ensure compliance with changing regulatory requirements.


In summary, negotiating the E-waybill requirements for job activity entails being aware of and mindful of certain factors. Crucial components of this procedure include guaranteeing correct paperwork, prompt compliance with the creation of E-waybills, and observance of GST laws. 

Companies that provide job work must place a high priority on maintaining accurate records, conducting internal audits, and keeping up with legislative changes. 

By doing this, companies eventually improve the overall effectiveness and compliance of their operations by facilitating smooth transactions and reducing the risk of non-compliance.


Q1. Can I generate an E-way bill for job work without mentioning the job worker’s details?

No, it is essential to provide accurate details of the job worker when generating an E-way bill for job work.

Q2. Is it possible to send several consignments to the same job worker on the same day using a single E-way bill?

Yes, a single E-way bill can cover multiple consignments sent to the same job worker on the same day, provided they have the same destination.

Q3. Can I extend the validity period of an E-way bill for job work?

No, you cannot extend the validity period of an E-way bill. Ensure that the goods reach the job worker within the stipulated time frame.

Q4. Is it mandatory to generate a separate E-way bill for the return movement of goods after job work?

No, a separate E-way bill is not required for the return movement if the goods are returned within the specified time. You can use the original E-way bill.

Q5. Can I claim an Input Tax Credit (ITC) on goods sent for job work without an E-way bill?                                                                        

No, to claim ITC, it is necessary to have an E-way bill for the outward movement of goods for job work.                                                                                               

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Kiran Chaudhary

Kiran Chaudhary, a seasoned freelance writer with over 4 years of expertise, specializes in crafting clear and engaging technical and financial articles. Her passion for simplifying complex concepts shines through in her work, making intricate subjects accessible to a diverse audience. Kiran's dedication to delivering high-quality content has earned her a reputation as a reliable and knowledgeable writer in the industry. When not on the keyboard, she enjoys exploring new topics and sharing her expertise to empower readers with valuable insights.

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